By Swasti Mitter
This assortment explores the consequences of latest applied sciences on women's employment and at the nature of women's paintings. the quantity is edited by way of pre-eminent students within the box and includes 13 articles from best lecturers world wide. The e-book presents a critique of postmodernism and ecofeminism and calls for that new expertise is used as a car for gender equality within the constructing international.
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Additional resources for Women Encounter Technology: Changing Patterns of Employment in the Third World (Unu Intech Studies in New Technology & Development)
Nonetheless, as her figures show, women in this sector have fared far better than in the traditional professional jobs, such as engineering. Women of the third world, in the right circumstances, as she asserts, could look forward in the future to an equitable distribution of jobs in this area. But women’s gains are not cost-free. Women who Introduction 13 survive in these highly paid jobs, as one of her interviewees remarked, become somewhat ‘phallic’, ‘they compete aggressively like men’. Fatima Gaio’s work challenges the traditional labour process theory as well as some socialist feminist’s evaluation of technology, in the context of software development work.
Spivak 1993: p. 145) In the developed world, postmodernism and associated cultural theories furnished reasons for not studying the changing material conditions of third world women in response, for example, to information technology and to globalization of finance and production. The trend coincided with the ascendant philosophies of the 1990s, which uphold the market mechanism, self-help and individual entrepreneurship. There is a trend now to shun collective responsibility for vulnerable or marginal groups, even within the boundaries of a nation.
A very large proportion of women teleworkers are married women with young children; this form of work is especially attractive to them because of their household responsibilities and the lack of adequate childcare. Judy Wajcman’s observations in Australia in this field are similar to those by Ursula Huws in Britain. Electronic homework, for women, is an extension of traditional homework with all its disadvantages. Like traditional homeworkers, electronic homeworkers are typically paid at piece rates and earn substantially less than comparably skilled employees working in offices.