What is Islamic Philosophy? by Roy Jackson

By Roy Jackson

What is Islamic Philosophy? bargains a vast advent to Islamic suggestion, from its origins to the various hard concerns dealing with Muslims within the modern global. The chapters discover early Islamic philosophy and hint its improvement via key issues and figures as much as the twenty-first century.

Topics lined include:

  • ethical matters akin to simply warfare, abortion, women’s rights, homosexuality and cloning
  • questions in political philosophy concerning what sort of Islamic country may exist and the way democratic can (or may still) Islam fairly be
  • the contribution of Islam to ‘big questions’ reminiscent of the lifestyles of God, the concept that of the soul, and what constitutes truth.

This clean and unique ebook encompasses a important thesaurus and recommendations for additional examining. it's excellent for college students coming to the topic for the 1st time in addition to a person desirous to know about the philosophical culture and dilemmas which are a part of the Islamic worldview.

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Extra resources for What is Islamic Philosophy?

Sample text

Is a question the ancient Greek philosophers such as Plato and Aristotle struggled to answer, and it continues to be a prevalent concern for philosophers to this day. For the Muslim the answer means, quite simply, to be a Muslim! Yet the follow-on question is not so easy to answer: What does it mean to be a Muslim? Here arises the first sticking point, but it is incredibly important: if Islam were to survive at all during those painful birth pangs, then it needed to establish a clear identity, a confidence in itself when confronted by other, more firmly established religions.

Also, like Alkindi, he had considerable wealth, which allowed him to indulge his interests in a number of intellectual fields, including musical theory and alchemy, before receiving a formal training in medicine. He gained the reputation of being the unequalled physician in Islam according to a number of sources, and this reputation remained unsullied. His medical works continued to be used in Western Europe up until the late sixteenth century, including the first work devoted to the topic of smallpox, which was translated over a dozen times into European languages.

As we have noted, many Muslims believed that it was not the position of human beings to decide who is or is not a Muslim, and this sympathy developed into a somewhat broad collection of scholars referred to as the Murjites. The Arabic term murji’ah has its linguistic derivation from ‘putting off’ or ‘suspension’ and so they advocated that judgement of a person’s belief be ‘put off’ until the time that God determines. Consequently, it was sufficient for someone to make the outward declaration of faith to be a member of the community, regardless of that person’s actions or genuine beliefs.

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