Warnings to the kings and advice on restoring Spain by María de Guevara

By María de Guevara

In the course of a pivotal element in Spanish heritage, aristocrat Mar?a de Guevara (?–1683) produced impressive essays that appealed for robust management, protested political corruption, and demanded the inclusion of ladies within the court’s selection making. “Treaty” gave Philip IV functional feedback for scuffling with the battle opposed to Portugal and “Disenchantments” recommended the king-to-be, Charles II, on innovations to elevate the country’s prestige in Europe. This annotated bilingual variation, that includes Nieves Romero-D?az’s adroit translation, reproduces Guevara’s polemics for the 1st time.Guevara’s provocative writings name on Spanish ladies to bear the accountability both with males for restoring Spain’s strength in Europe and in other places. the gathering additionally contains examples of Guevara’s shorter writings that exemplify her skill to talk on issues of kingdom, community with dignitaries, and govern kinfolk affairs.  Witty, ironic, and rhetorically subtle, Guevara’s essays offer a clean viewpoint at the chances for girls within the public sphere in seventeenth-century Spain.

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33 Neither of his two marriages, to Marie Louise of Orleans and to Mariana of Neuburg, produced a successor, thus provoking ever-greater clashes in the country over who would be the future king. By the fall of 1700, the decision had been made: Philip V, duke of Anjou, son of Louis XIV and María Teresa (Charles’s stepsister), would be the new monarch. With the new dynasty of the Bourbons, Spain finally had the possibility of a fresh start. María de Guevara lived during this critical period. In Treatise and Warnings by a Woman (1663) and in Disenchantments at the Court and Valorous Women (1664), she addresses both monarchs, Philip IV and the king-to-be, Charles II.

When our parents bring us up, if, instead of putting cambric on our sewing cushions and patterns in our embroidery frames, they gave us books and teachers, we would be as fit as men for any job or university professorship. María de Zayas y Sotomayor, The Enchantments of Love (1637) CONTENT AND CONTEXT OF M A R Í A D E G U E VA R A ’ S W R I T I N G S I n seventeenth-century Spain, the aristocrat María de Guevara, countess of Escalante, appealed for strong leadership, protested corruption, and demanded women’s inclusion in political decision making.

Both in her Treatise and in Disenchantments, Guevara complains that the money the Portuguese have acquired from their service to the Spanish crown—and thanks to which they have become rich—is being used to help Spain’s enemies not only in the war in Portugal but also in the war in Flanders. One of the reasons is that they are not Old Christians, and therefore the only solution would be their expulsion from the country (Treatise). 41 It should be noted that Guevara’s strong position against the Portuguese is expressed principally in the Treatise addressed to Philip IV in 1663.

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