War on the Gulf Coast: The Spanish Fight against William by Gilbert C. Din

By Gilbert C. Din

“Using a plethora of formerly unexamined records from a couple of documents, this paintings offers the 1st transparent figuring out of William Augustus Bowles and his exploits alongside the Spanish Gulf Coast and one of the Creek Indians, demonstrating unequivocally that the glory-seeking adventurer was once now not the tragic heroic determine that he and former historians have claimed.”—F. Todd Smith, collage of North Texas

War at the Gulf Coast is one of many first books concerning the Spanish interval in West Florida (1797–1805) written from the Spanish standpoint. utilizing Spanish archival resources, Gilbert Din is ready to shed new gentle at the machinations of William Augustus Bowles, an adventurer who sought to introduce items, subvert the Creek Indians, and deprive the Spaniards of territory.
            via revealing the internal workings of the Spanish army institution, Din makes a powerful case that West Florida—which then stretched all of the approach to the Mississippi River—was an essential area of foreign intrigue, no longer an unimportant backwater. He additionally bargains a much-needed corrective to prior depictions of Bowles, wondering his genuine impression one of the Creek country. Din highlights the naval efforts to curtail smuggling and catch Bowles and counters winning knowledge approximately why the Spanish have been compelled to give up at castle San Marcos.
 
Gilbert C. Din is professor emeritus of historical past at fortress Lewis university (Colorado). he's the writer of Spaniards, Planters, and Slaves: The Spanish law of Slavery in Louisiana, 1763–1803, which gained the overall L. Kemper and Leila Williams Award for the simplest ebook on Louisiana history.

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Example text

The adventurer began sporting the title of director general (Estajoca) of the Creek nation, which he bestowed upon himself inasmuch as few Creek leaders, especially the more numerous Upper Creeks, wanted any part of him. In his biography of Bowles, Wright Jr. employed the title as if the entire Creek nation had legitimately granted it, but it had not. Bowles and his partisans sought to imitate conditions in the American Northwest Territory, where British forts and arms helped the tribes resist encroaching Americans.

Newspapers had first apprised Campo of Bowles’s arrival in London months before and his efforts to secure English backing for his nefarious projects on Spanish territory. The adventurer represented interests that clashed with Spain’s and made him an enemy, not a harmless and picturesque tourist. 38 Only two weeks before he left England in April 1791, Bowles requested a fifteen-minute audience with the ambassador. Realizing that the adventurer’s purpose in London was to advocate war with Spain and exploit the Nootka Controversy to further his ambitions in Florida, Campo granted it with mixed emotions.

1 Bowles’s acquaintance with West Florida dated back to 1778, when as a teenage British loyalist soldier he served there during the American War for Independence. Unfortunately, much about his life is perplexing because he deviously manipulated accounts about himself to suit his purposes. A native of Frederick County, Maryland, and born in either October or November 1763, he enlisted in a loyalist militia at age thirteen. Anticipating combat in West Florida, the British sent reinforcements that included his Maryland 22 William Augustus Bowles Challenges the Spaniards • 23 militia unit to the colony about 1778.

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