Twentieth-Century Marxism: A Global Introduction by David M. Walker, Daryl Glaser

By David M. Walker, Daryl Glaser

Daryl Glaser, David M. Walker (Eds.)

This publication outlines and assesses the Marxist culture because it built within the 20th century, and considers its position and status as we circulation into the twenty-first century.

It is split into 3 elements analyzing Marxism traditionally, geographically and thematically:

Part 1 analyzes early Marxism in Russia and Europe because it built after the loss of life of Marx. Lenin, Trotsky, Luxemburg, Kautsky, Bernstein and the varsity of inspiration linked to them are all examined

Part 2 offers with thinkers, debates and routine that the early Marxism inquisitive about partially one, and contains chapters on Marxism in Europe, the Soviet Union, Africa, Asia and Latin America

Part three is anxious with extra modern debates relating to Marxism and its status and function at the present time. The chapters during this part give some thought to a number of issues together with the connection among concept and perform in Marxism, democratic method and liberties, Marxism as an fiscal critique of capitalism and Marxist methodology.

Twentieth Century Marxism isn't an introspective dialogue of Marxism that may be of curiosity basically to a restricted variety of experts. quite, it offers a considerate and stimulating contribution to debates in regards to the function of Marxism this day and its destiny direction.

Reviews:

'This interesting advent to international Marxism surveys the most important political divisions, geographical settings, and highbrow concerns that arose within the 20th century and at the moment are due for overview. The individuals are either informative and perceptive, overlaying the entire diversity of theories, pursuits and debates. the quantity is very robust on African and Asian settings, in addition to Latin the US. Marx and Engels directed their message to the employees of the area, and this booklet does a very good activity exhibiting how and the place this message was once got and pursued.' - Terrell Carver, Professor of Political thought, collage of Bristol, UK

'An first-class survey. the entire individuals are stated specialists of their fields who write truly and with authority. blending chronological, geographical and thematic techniques, this wide-ranging e-book is as entire as can be wished.' - David McLellan, Professor of Political idea, Goldsmiths collage, collage of London, UK

'This is a really good conceived and good balanced assortment, produced by means of authors who're all specialists within the parts on which they write. a number of the contributions conceal the key geographical parts during which types of Marxism have been constructed. the most controversies of the century are good represented, including a few clever dialogue of the chances of Marxism within the 21st-century. The writing is straightforward adequate for the reader without nice wisdom of Marxism to keep on with, however the a number of chapters have still very much to supply the professional reader.' - Mark Cowling, Reader in Criminology, collage of Teesside. Convener, Political stories organization Marxism professional crew, Editor, stories in Marxism

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Since both terms of this contradictory couple can take on novel forms beyond the current experience of the participants, the irreconcilability of the antagonism can only be grasped theoretically. Why could the workers themselves not grasp Marxist theory spontaneously? Lenin’s explicit answer was that they could do it, better in fact than the intellectuals. They would do so, however, not in the mass, but as individuals, and having become conscious, they would find themselves in a position analogous to that occupied by the initial, intellectual, carriers of Marxist theory, confronting the challenge of bringing consciousness to bear upon the contradictory logic of the spontaneous movement.

As we shall see, the situation was to be reversed in 1917–19. At this earlier juncture Luxemburg undertook a campaign to win over the SPD to the mass strike. She stated her case in its fullest form in the pamphlet The Mass Strike, the Political Party and the Trade Unions of 1906. This work rejected Lenin’s somewhat simplistic distinction between economic and political struggle and between trade union consciousness and real Marxism. Luxemburg presents a much more complex interaction of various forces, economic and political, organized and unorganized workers, and party and non-party bodies in the mass strike.

When the economy was in boom concessions to the workers were more likely; during recessions trade unions would be forced to defend previous gains in increasingly difficult circumstances. It was at this point that, for Luxemburg, the political struggle for domination of the state would take precedence over the economic conflict for capitalist resources (Luxemburg, 1937: 16–18, 37–8). As for cooperatives, they were banned from the most important branches of capitalist production. The cooperative movement could not change capitalism into socialism, it was no more than an ‘attack made on the twigs of the capitalist tree’ (Luxemburg, 1937: 36).

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