Turkish (Descriptive Grammars) by Jaklin Kornfilt

By Jaklin Kornfilt

Turkish is spoken through approximately fifty million humans in Turkey and is the co-official language of Cyprus. when Turkish has a few houses which are just like these of different Turkic languages, it has specified and engaging features that are given complete assurance during this ebook. Jaklin Kornfilt presents a wealth of examples drawn from diverse degrees of vocabulary: modern and outdated, legitimate and colloquial. they're followed through a close grammatical research and English translation.

Show description

Read Online or Download Turkish (Descriptive Grammars) PDF

Similar foreign language study & reference books

Language Change and Variation

The research of language edition in social context maintains to carry the eye of a giant variety of linguists. This examine is promoted by means of the once a year colloquia on New methods of studying version in English' (NWAVE). This quantity is a range of revised papers from the NWAVE XI, held at Georgetown collage.

Diachronic problems in phonosymbolism

Phonosymbolism, or sound symbolism (Lautsymbolik), is a crucial component of language progress. Many critical students, notwithstanding, have seemed it with embarrassment or indifference. A wary reintroduction of phonosymbolism as an element accountable for adjustments gone through, in various levels, through such a lot languages could now appear to be so as.

Additional resources for Turkish (Descriptive Grammars)

Example text

Acc. sg. "I heard that Ahmet went to the movies" (113) b. kim -in sinema-ya git-tig -m -i duy -du -n? who-Gen. cinema-Oat. -Acc. sg. -Oat. Chom;ky-Gen. -Acc. "Ahmet sold the students Chomsky's book" (114) a. (114) kim -in kitab-m -1 b. -Oat. who-Gen. -Acc. " Accusative direct object: (115) a. -Acc. visit do-Past "Ahmet visited his mother" (115) b. Ahmet kim -i ziyaret et -ti? Ahmet who -Acc. " Dative indirect object: (116) a. Ahmet kitab-l alUle -sin -e ver -di Ahmet book-Ace. -Dat. give -Past "Ahmet gave the book to his mother" sat -h sell-Past sat -h?

1. 2. 2. 1. 3. Various constituents of noun phrases can be questioned Determiners: Numerals: (71) Hasan diin ka~ bardak ~arap i\ -ti? " Syntax 17 Deictics: (72) Hasan diin hangi hz-l a dans -et -ti? " Possessors in possessive NPs: (73) kim -in baba -51 tevkif ed-il -di? sg. " Modifiers: (74) Hasan naSH bir kitap oku -du? " Heads: The ability to question heads of NPs is heavily restricted. e. those heads that are followed by morphology that expresses agreement with the possessor: (75) bina -run nere -si ylk -11 -d1?

Hasan who -Acc. movies-Dat. Prog. Same translation as for (48). 0pt. sg. -Acc. sat -h? " The only exception to the statement made earlier in this section, namely that all elements of a subordinate clause can be questioned with a WHword, is the Indo-European type of subordination, borrowed into the language from Persian (cf. section 1. ). Syntax 13 No matrix question can be formed by replacing any constituent of such subordinate clauses, as illustrated by the examples below, where a variety of embedded constituents are replaced by WH-words; note that in all of these examples, the WH-word is to be construed with the embedded verb.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.01 of 5 – based on 5 votes