By Lavinia Stan
Over the last 20 years, the international locations of jap Europe and the previous Soviet Union have tried to deal with the varied human rights abuses that characterised the many years of communist rule. This booklet examines the most techniques of transitional justice that authorised societies in these international locations to come back to phrases with their fresh earlier. It explores lustration, the banning of communist officers and mystery political law enforcement officials and informers from post-communist politic, traditional electorate’ entry to the remainder records compiled on them by way of the communist mystery police, in addition to trials and court docket complaints introduced opposed to former communist officers and mystery brokers for his or her human rights trespasses. person chapters discover the growth of transitional justice in Germany, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Poland, Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria, Albania, Slovenia and the successor states of the previous Soviet Union. The chapters clarify why diversified international locations have hired diverse types to return to phrases with their communist earlier; examine each one country’s relative successes and screw ups; and probe the efficacy of country-specific laws to realize the transitional justice ambitions for which it used to be constructed. The e-book attracts jointly the rustic instances right into a entire comparative research of the determinants of post-communist transitional justice, that might be suitable not just to students of post-communist transition, but additionally to somebody drawn to transitional justice in different contexts.
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Extra resources for Transitional Justice in Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union: Reckoning with the Communist Past (Basees Routledge Series on Russian and East European Studies)
11 Cited in J. E. Young, The Texture of Memory: Holocaust Memorials and Meaning, New Haven: Yale University Press, 1993, p. i. 12 M. Kundera, The Book of Laughter and Forgetting, New York: Knopf, 1980, pt. i. 13 T. Rosenberg, The Haunted Land. Facing Europe’s Ghosts after Communism, New York: Vintage Books, 1995, p. xviii. 14 T. E. M. Wong, ‘The Truth and Reconciliation Commission. A Brief Analysis’, unpublished paper, 1996, p. 1. 15 R. Putnam, Making Democracy Work. Civic Traditions in Modern Italy, Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1993.
2 Bickford, ‘Transitional Justice’, p. 6. 3 J. Zalaquett, ‘Introduction to the English Edition’, in The Chilean National Commission on Truth and Reconciliation, Report of the Chilean National Commission on Truth and Reconciliation, trans. P. Berryman, South Bend: University of Notre Dame Press, 1993, p. xxxi. 4 W. Soyinka, The Burden of Memory. The Muse of Forgiveness, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999, p. 90. 5 S. P. Huntington, The Third Wave: Democratization in the Twentieth Century, Oklahoma: University of Oklahoma Press, 1993.
Parliamentarians involved in the committee to draft the law insisted that access to Stasi files be regulated by a law emanating from the German parliament, rather than by government policy, and that it have support across the political spectrum26 (except for the Partei des Demokratischen Sozialismus, the reformed Communist Party, which did not support the process). Although the political consensus on access to Stasi files broke down amidst the controversies regarding Helmut Kohl’s files, it is worth remembering that it existed when the law was enacted.