Trafficking and Human Rights: European and Asia-Pacific by Leslie Holmes

By Leslie Holmes

Human trafficking is extensively thought of to be the quickest starting to be department of trafficking. As this crucial ebook unearths, it has moved speedily up the schedule of states and overseas businesses because the early-1990s, not just due to this development, but additionally as its implications for safety and human rights became clearer. This attention-grabbing learn by means of foreign specialists offers unique study findings on human trafficking, with specific connection with Europe, South-East Asia and Australia. a tremendous concentration is on why and the way many states and firms act in ways in which undermine trafficked sufferers' rights, as a part of `quadruple victimisation'. It compares and contrasts regulations and indicates which appear to paintings top and why. The participants additionally suggest radical new methods that almost all states and different formal organizations look loath to introduce, for purposes which are explored during this special ebook. This must-read publication will attract policymakers in addition to complicated undergraduate and postgraduate scholars within the fields of criminology, human rights legislation, gender stories, political technological know-how and foreign reports.

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As she needed work, she was dependent on the two families she worked for. Since her presence in France was not legalised, she feared being stopped by the police. Consequently, she could not move around freely, so that she had no free time and did not attend any school. According to the Court, she was fully dependent on her ‘employers’, which constituted an example of servitude as described in Article 4 of the Convention. The Court also exam- Human trafficking: a challenge for the EU and its member states 25 ined whether French law protected Siwa.

1 On 27 February 2006, the Polish Press Agency revealed that: Romanian player Marius Cioara was sold by the second league team UT Arad to Regal Horia, a fourth league team, for 15 kg of meat. 2 18 Human trafficking: a challenge for the EU and its member states 19 Provocatively, it could be asked whether the first of the above-mentioned cases would be of interest to Polish prosecutors, since it certainly involved selling a human being. The two parties concluded the terms of a transfer without the player’s participation.

For these groups, a simple profit and loss calculation results in the obvious conclusion that human trafficking is much safer than trafficking in narcotics or arms, and that even illegal transportation of persons is less risky than transportation of narcotics. Moreover, the so-called prime costs appear to be low, since it is not necessary to invest large sums of money in order to be able to find women, in contrast to the situation with narcotics or arms. Finally, proceeds from human trafficking do not need to be a one-off source of income, as often happens in the case of trafficking in arms, so that it is possible to generate profits over a long period of time without suffering the negative consequences of some types of retail sale.

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