Towards a Standard English, 1600-1800 by Dieter Stein et al. (eds.)

By Dieter Stein et al. (eds.)

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Good conversationalists skirted the pitfalls of the ego: they avoided conceit, pride and vanity; they were never too full of themselves, never too talkative, never too eager and never too solicitous of their own singularity in conversation. Though its original subject matter was social interaction, "politeness" came to sanction an exemplary role for conversation in written discourse: a "polite" text was specifically conversational. As early as Dryden, one finds conversation identified as a key component of literary refinement.

Management of the Tongue, 1706: 2-3). Thus, "politeness" was, among other things a theory of conversational manners. In courtesy literature, conversational values and banes proliferated. Ortigue de Vaumorière's Art of Pleasing in Conversation examined "what may render a man troublesome" in order that a recognition might emerge of "how to make a Spirit of gayety and politeness reign in Conversation". Thus, conversational "politeness" pursued verbal agreeableness, which was captured in a characteristic vocabulary: "easie", "remote from affectation", "never tiresom", "soft", "polisht", "natural" (1691: 7, 17).

1978 Sociolinguistic patterns in British English. London: Edward Arnold. Weinreich, Uriel - William Labov - M. Herzog 1968 "Empirical foundations for a theory of language change", in: W. Lehmann - Y. ), 97-195. "Politeness" as linguistic ideology in late seventeenth- and eighteenth-century England Lawrence Klein It is well known that the pace of comment on the English language quickened in the eighteenth century. Moreover, the nature of that comment changed in that the eighteenth century saw a new emphasis on setting a "standard" and defining "correctness".

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