By Daniel C. Levy
"An immensely beneficial and designated research of overseas, more often than not American, counsel to Latin American larger schooling, To Export development presents an figuring out of the 'what' and the 'why' of overseas relief to a key zone. This ebook can be a vintage in its field." -- Philip G. Altbach, Monan Professor of upper schooling, Boston College"Professor Daniel C. Levy, a number one authority within the box of upper schooling and the nonprofit area in Latin the United States, once more has opened an in a different way missed box via his rigorously researched and stated learn of philanthropic help for collage reform within the quarter. Drawing on a wealth of archival fabric, documentary facts, interviews, and primary hand adventure with the actors and businesses concerned, To Export development illuminates the imaginative and prescient and beliefs inspiring foreign businesses, up to the realities they faced in picking promises and loans coverage, from the Sixties to the Nineteen Eighties. The ebook is strongly steered for students and scholars of foreign schooling, for Latin American specialists, and for philanthropic managers and academic directors within the constructing world." -- Jorge Balan, Senior software Officer for greater schooling, The Ford Foundation.In this learn of the makes an attempt to export the fashionable Western collage, its principles, and its shape to the 3rd international, Daniel C. Levy examines the advance counsel supplied by means of the Ford origin, the U.S. service provider for foreign improvement, and the Inter-American improvement financial institution and their family members with neighborhood companions in Latin the United States within the Sixties and Nineteen Seventies. Levy considers the funders, how they chose companions, which international locations and associations have been favorite, and to what impact. dependent on meticulous learn and cautious research, the e-book presents a close examine philanthropic suggestions to the quarter throughout the period of modernization and improvement in Latin the US.
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Additional resources for To Export Progress: The Golden Age Of University Assistance In The Americas (Philanthropic and Nonprofit Studies)
Displacement occurs as enclaves emerge in which the new inserts itself while much of the old remains, crowded alongside it. Latin Americanists will recognize similarities to the classic depiction of a “living museum” of Latin American politics, where traditional actors and practices remain on the scene as new ones enter (Anderson 1967: 104). This displacement or superimposition is opposed to modernization and other ideal typical reform notions of replacement. ”35 Formalism arises where new laws, statutes, or structures do not produce correspondingly new functions or behavior but are influenced by the older order into which they are enmeshed.
31 But all these constraints can prompt revised notions of what constitutes reasonable change. Something short of meeting grandiose goals but different from what had existed may be worthwhile. Especially as mixed results differ from projected ones, they are often very difficult to assess. And results seldom appear conveniently at a given moment such as the end of a project. 32 The policy implementation literature has drawn implications for evaluation that lead into the perspectives and criteria outlined below for our evaluation of university assistance.
There is no one time at which to evaluate the impact of efforts as extended and open-ended in objectives as those of golden age university assistance. Political and bureaucratic considerations lead to premature evaluation. Further out in time, however, reality is increasingly shaped by factors unrelated to the projects we wish to evaluate. 44 Impact need not be immediate or permanent to be significant, but significance must be established by one of the comparative criteria just identified. And any time-related disappointment, whether delay or dissipation, must be explored in relation to how the responsibility falls on reformers’ efforts or on factors beyond their control.