The Women's Movement in Postcolonial Indonesia: Gender and by Elizabeth Martyn

By Elizabeth Martyn

This e-book examines women's activism within the early years of self sufficient Indonesia while new attitudes to gender, nationalism, citizenship and democratization have been forming. It questions the which means of democratization for girls and their dating to nationwide sovereignty in the new Indonesian nation, and discusses women's enterprises and their actions; women's social and monetary roles; and the various cultural, nearby and ethnic attitudes in the direction of girls, whereas displaying the failure of political swap to completely handle women's gender pursuits and desires. the writer argues that either the position of nationalism in defining gender identification and the function of gender in defining nationwide id desire equivalent popularity.

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Additional info for The Women's Movement in Postcolonial Indonesia: Gender and Nation in a New Democracy (Asian Studies Association of Australia: Women in Asia)

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Feminists view the state as an area where women have different access and relationships than men to the institutions and rulemaking of the state (Yuval-Davis 1997: 14; Pettman 1996a: 5). This can therefore make the state an agent in gender control and an arena of political practice to change gender regimes. Although the literature speaks of ‘the state’, it must be remembered that as a set of institutions and networks of power and control, the state is not a single body with a single agenda. The state operates through a number of social policies, laws, institutions and discourses, and it is neither monolithic nor unchanging.

Women with an interest in one often became active participants in the other. These links with nationalism characterize most Third World women’s movements and have a major impact on their subsequent growth and development. To understand the Indonesian women’s movement of the 1950s, we need to first consider the legacies of the colonial/nationalist era of 1900 to 1949. To that end, this chapter discusses the historical background to the postindependence women’s movement, tracing the history of women’s activism from its beginnings in the 1900s to the Proclamation of Independence in 1945 and the revolution that followed.

The following chapters will test this assertion, which raises again West’s (1997) Missing images 27 concerns about conceptualizing a feminist nationalism that recognizes a simultaneous commitment to both the nation–state and women. Democratization Another important consideration in analyzing women’s engagement with a new state is the type of regime within which women act. In post-colonial Indonesia a democratic system was embraced. Democracy shares with nationalism the same basic tenet of ‘location of sovereignty with the people’ (Greenfeld 1992: 10).

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