By Wolf Paprotté, René Dirven †
This quantity brings jointly a few articles consultant of the current outlook at the value of metaphors, and of the paintings performed on metaphors in different domain names of (psycho)linguistics. the 1st a part of the quantity offers with metaphor and the method of language. the second one half deals papers on metaphor and language use. within the 3rd half mental and psycholinguistic features of metaphor are mentioned.
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The examine of language edition in social context keeps to carry the eye of a giant variety of linguists. This examine is promoted via the once a year colloquia on New methods of examining edition in English' (NWAVE). This quantity is a variety of revised papers from the NWAVE XI, held at Georgetown college.
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Extra info for The Ubiquity of Metaphor: Metaphor in Language and Thought
Suggest Both types fall into several main etymological groups according to their derivation from the vocal, mental, visual, and spatial fields. at least partly in the spatial domain, and three in other domains (the latter will not be discussed here). Some examples are: (1) Assertives derived from the field of vocalization: advocate < Lat. ad + vocāre announce, denounce "to + call" < Lat. particle + nuntiāre "to, from + say/shout" claim, proclaim confess, say (2) < IE * kel- profess, < IE sekw- prophesy "utter" "shout" bhā- < IE "speak" 16 Assertives derived from the field of mental and psychological states: acknowledge IE comment, note, on + criāwan "on/in + know1???
Ad + serere "join oneself to" < IE ser"line up" concede < Lat. con + cedere "go away, withdraw" conjecture < Lat. con + icere "throw together" inform < Lat. in + formare "give form/shape to" maintain < Lat. manu tenere "hold in hand" remark < IE merg- "boundary, mark" repeat < Lat. re + petere "go back to, seek again" reply < OF replier "fold back" retort < Lat. re + torquere "bend, twist back" state < Lat. status "standing" submit < Lat. sub + mittere "put under" suggest < Lat. sub + gerere "under + carry" With the exception of point out, which is still transparent to a modern English speaker, as was indicated above, none of the forms cited above would probably be considered "metaphorical" or even "dead metaphors" by most linguists because access to the original meanings is restricted al- "CONVENTIONAL" AND "DEAD" METAPHORS 39 most entirely to those who know Latin or are interested in 18 etymologies.
H. (1964), Der Umfang des historischen hegriffs. Diss. Köln. Metaphern- Mack, D. " Poetics 221-256. A. " Poetics 4:257-272. Nieraad, J. (1977), Bildgesegnet und bildverflucht : Forschungen sur sprachlichen Metaphorik. Darmstadt: Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft. Peirce, C. (196o), Collected Papers of Charles Sanders Peirce, vols. 1-6, ed. by C. Hawthorne & P. Weiss; vol. 7-8, ed. W. Burks. Cambrigde: Harvard University Press. Pele, J. " In: D. Davie et al. ), Poetics ■- Poetyka - Poetika. The Hague: Mouton; pp.