The Triazine Herbicides by Janis Mc Farland, Orvin Burnside, Homer M. LeBaron

By Janis Mc Farland, Orvin Burnside, Homer M. LeBaron

During the last 50 years, triazines have made a good impression on agriculture and international starvation via supporting within the improvement of latest farming tools, delivering higher farming and land use features, and lengthening crop yields. Triazines are registered in over eighty nations and store billions of greenbacks a 12 months. The Triazine Herbicides is the only publication that offers a accomplished view of the whole technology and agriculture of those chemical substances. With emphasis on how the chemical substances are studied and built, reviewed, and used on the agricultural point this ebook offers necessary perception into some great benefits of triazine herbicides for sustainable agriculture.

* provides formerly unpublished info at the discovery, improvement and advertising and marketing of herbicides
* features a important part at the starting place, use, economics and destiny of triazine herbicides
* Covers advantages of triazines in corn and sorghum, sugarcane, citrus, fruit and nut crops
* Establishes top administration perform and environmental advantages of use in conservation tillage

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Extra info for The Triazine Herbicides

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This review included atrazine, simazine, and cyanazine. Through the course of the triazine Special Review, hundreds of research studies were analyzed and more than 80000 public comments were received, mostly from supportive growers, commodity groups, and university researchers. Additionally, during the time the Special Review was being conducted by USEPA, reviews of atrazine were conducted by Australia, the United Kingdom (for the European Union), and France. The World Health Organization's IARC also reviewed both simazine and atrazine.

IARC also reached these same conclusions with regard to simazine (IARC, 1999). France: In 2001, the French Toxicity Research Commission on Pesticide Products cited the IARC, the USEPA, and the EU conclusion that there is an absence of carcinogenic effects of atrazine for humans (French Republic Ministry of Agriculture, 2001). ' References 43 Conclusions The triazine herbicides have revolutionized agricultural production of corn and more than 40 other crops. The yield increases, less labor-intensive production, and use for erosion control in conservation tillage are all benefits of the triazines, especially atrazine and simazine.

In 1957, there were about 100 weed scientists in North America, but within the next few decades this number grew to several thousand. To farmers, the benefits of having a uniform field of corn without weeds are numerous, and the desire to have a weedless field prevailed well before the triazine herbicides were introduced. Frequent cultivation, followed by hand hoeing or roguing of remaining weeds, was a well-established practice. However, it did not take long for the growers to discover the outstanding benefits of the triazine herbicides: (1) reduced farm labor, (2) lower costs for fuel and equipment for frequent trips across the field, (3) reduced need for cultivation, especially when rainfall and wet fields prevented timely cultivations, (4) efficient weed control and crop production, (5) easier harvesting due to the control of quackgrass or other weeds that often invaded the crop in late season, (6) increased crop yields and profits, (7) reduced root pruning and other crop injuries resulting from close and frequent cultivation, and (8) improved soil quality due to less erosion of topsoil.

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