By Dr. Patricia Riles Wickman
Patricia Riles Wickman bargains a brand new paradigm for the translation of southeastern local American and Spanish colonial historical past and a brand new method to view the improvement of the United States.
In her compelling and arguable arguments, Wickman rejects the myths that erase local american citizens from Florida throughout the organisation of Spaniards and ailments and make the realm an empty frontier looking forward to American enlargement. via learn on either side of the Atlantic and large oral historical past interviews one of the Seminoles of Florida and Oklahoma, Wickman shatters present theories in regards to the origins of the folk encountered by way of the Spaniards and provides, for the 1st time ever, the local American viewpoint. She describes the genesis of the teams identified this present day as Creek, Seminole, and Miccosukee—the Maskoki peoples—and strains their universal Mississippian historical past, asserting their claims to non-stop habitation of the Southeast and Florida. Her paintings exposes the rhetoric of conquest and replaces it with the rhetoric of survival.
a massive cross-disciplinary paintings, The Tree That Bends finds the pliability of the Maskoki humans and the sociocultural mechanisms that allowed them to outlive the pressures brought at touch. Their global was once in a position to incorporating the recent with no destroying the previous, and their descendants not just live on this day but in addition be successful as a discrete tradition as a result.
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Additional resources for The Tree that Bends: Discourse, Power, and the Survival of Maskoki People
During the ¤rst half of the eighteenth century Creek Indians moved southward into Florida, often occupying lands previously inhabited by the Apalachee and Timuguana peoples. 18 Over the period 1817 to 1858, Florida’s Native Americans fought three wars against the United States, predicated solely upon their determination to resist dispersion and removal from the land that was their home. It was the United States government that unilaterally decided to declare the ¤ghting ended and leave the Native American survivors in relative peace.
Therefore, change would have been inevitable even without the interposition of a separate and inimical culture. And change would have been impossible if the culture had not already contained viable templates for change that did not mitigate against the successful functioning of the culture. Yet, while a recontextualization of Mississippian culture is critical to any real understanding of the historical process of survival, the rhetoric of Conquest that is used as the interpretational framework for Knight’s model is problematic and, in that, it is also indicative of the misinterpretations basic to a Euroamerican locus of enunciation.
It was the United States government that unilaterally decided to declare the ¤ghting ended and leave the Native American survivors in relative peace. Then, after another three-quarters of a century, a period of seclusion and respite from war, the Seminoles “emerged” from the Florida Everglades during the real estate Boom Period of the 1920s. ”19 There, it was discovered (but not by the Native Americans), they had been not only living but prospering in the most vital and basic sense: they had been successfully exploiting the Florida Everglades, one of the most inhospitable environmental zones in the world, and their numbers had been slowly increasing.