By Tugrul Keskin
The contributions of Islam to global civilization are indisputable. besides the fact that, within the final a hundred years, Muslims were faced with the consequences and ramifications of modernity, brought on by the emergence of world capitalism. What does modernity finally suggest for Muslims? How will the ancient precepts of Islam meet the adjustments in our globalized global? so far, so much students on Islam have attempted to appreciate Muslim societies from historic statement by myself. This simplistic educational process doesn't let us comprehend the full transformation that has taken position in Muslim societies. Sociological scholarship, nevertheless, argues that it'd be obscure Islam with out first figuring out the theoretical and useful underpinnings of the social constitution of Muslim societies, that are embedded within the dating among faith, the financial system, politics, and society. This e-book, for this reason, makes a connection among the industrial process and its social and political effects inside Muslim societies. to do that, it examines the position of Islam inside of Muslim societies within the context of ongoing and more and more robust neoliberal financial procedures in a globalized international. The Muslim realizing of secularism, modernity, the nation, collective identification, immigration, and Islamic political concept and fiscal existence are all formed via forces of globalization and new marketplace stipulations. although, it is a jointly constitutive method, as Islam additionally affects the West and its perceptions of Islam as a result interdependent family led to through the worldwide financial system. those interdependencies create social and political transformation on either side.
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Extra resources for The Sociology of Islam: Secularism, Economy and Politics
The third dimension of globalization demonstrates non-material market forces that include democracy, human rights and the public sphere. These aspects of globalization are also linked to technology, which plays an important role in political participation. More technological usage leads to more democratic politics, greater respect for human rights and greater political participation in the public sphere. The Domestication and Secularization of Religion Neo-liberal capitalism and market conditions are powerful forces that shape and influence the daily life of individuals and have far-reaching impacts, both in our work lives and our belief systems.
The emergence of the working class or proletariat was the result of the organization of industry. 25 As Marx mentioned, this class separation was a crucial moment in economic history: from that point on, the process of isolation and alienation of man accelerated. According to Karl Marx, the legally ‘free’ labourer has only a business relationship with his employer, and monetary value has replaced all kinds of traditional social human bonds. In reality, free man has become unfree, he cannot exist freely without working or without money, because he has lost the moral support and protection of his society.
According to classical theorists such as Marx, Weber and Durkheim, as societies and neo-liberal economics advance, religion was expected to be confined to the private lives of individuals, or what Jose Casanova has referred to as the ‘privatization of religion’ (Casanova 1994). The theory of secularization suggests that the secular would inevitably replace the sacred society. , Sacred and Secular: Religion and Politics Worldwide (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004)). The present study examines some of the factors that have led to a temporal resurgence of religious observance, in contrast to the secularization theory that proposed that religion would inevitably decline.