By Peter L. Berger, Thomas Luckmann
A normal and systematic account of the position of information in society aimed to stimulate either serious dialogue and empirical investigations. This publication is anxious with the sociology of 'everything that passes for wisdom in society'. It focuses really on that 'common-sense knowledge' which constitutes the truth of way of life for the standard member of society. The authors are involved to give an research of data in daily life within the context of a conception of society as a dialectical approach among target and subjective fact. Their improvement of a idea of associations, legitimations and socializations has implications past the self-discipline of sociology, and their 'humanistic' strategy has substantial relevance for different social scientists, historians, philosophers and anthropologists.
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Additional resources for The Social Construction of Reality: A Treatise in the Sociology of Knowledge (Penguin Social Sciences)
Man himself must specialize and direct his dri��· These biological facts serve as a necessary pre supposition for the production of social order. In other words although no existing social order can be derived from bio� logical data, the necessity for social order as such stems from man's biological equipment. Dderstand the causes, other than those posited by the . btologt�al constants, for the emergence, maintenance and . transmission of a social order one must undertake an analysis that eventuates in a theory of institutionalization.
The linguistic designation (which, in a hunting society, we may imagine to be very precise and elaborate indeed - say, 'lone big kill, with one hand, of male rhinoceros', 'lone big kill, with two hands, of female rhinoceros', and so forth) abstracts the experience from its individual biographical occurrences. It becomes an objective possibility for everyone, or at any rate for everyone within a certain typ� (sa�, f ly initiated hunters) ; that is, it becomes anonymous m prmople even if it is still associated with the feats of specific individuals.
Are treated in reflection about them. Put differently, reflective consciousness superimposes the quality of logic on the institutional order. 30 Language provides the fundamental superimposition of logic on the objectivated social world. ons is built upon language and uses language as its principal Instrumentality. The 'logic' thus attributed to the institu tional order is part of the socially available stock of knowledge and taken for granted as such. Since the well-socialized individual 'knows' that his social world is a consistent whole, he will be constrained to explain both its functioning and mal functioning in terms of this 'knowledge'.