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The Social development of groups examines formation of old groups within the Southwest, focusing in particular at the basic theoretical suggestions of constitution, organization, and identification development.
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Extra info for The Social Construction of Communities: Agency, Structure, and Identity in the Prehispanic Southwest
36 James M. Potter and Thomas D. Yoder of the carcass with the highest food value, such as upper limbs and ribs) (Potter and Edwards 2008). Moreover, large game remains were concentrated on top of the knoll, indicating that the occupants of these houses had greater access to these resources than others in the community, and that the houses on top of the knoll were indeed the homes of important families. In sum, the identity of those who occupied the Sacred Ridge site was distinguished by (1) the unique architecture at the site and the restricted access to this architecture; (2) the large size and consistent shape of later pit structures on the site, and the unique floor features (and activities) associated with these structures; (3) the tight aggregation of those houses around the base of the knoll, in clear association with the specialized, highly visible architectural features; and (4) greater access to and/or control of high-valued food resources, especially deer and elk.
Or were they occupants of nearby house clusters? What is clear is that it would have taken a sizable number of people to carry out such an act, underscoring the capacity for collective human agency in these early villages. That such an event happened at this early village site and not at later Pueblo I sites suggests that the structure necessary for aggregating an ethnically diverse population was not yet perfected and that, in fact, competing structures existed within the community. Social integration at Sacred Ridge appears to have failed as a direct result of a lack of common social beliefs and integrative rituals to provide community cohesion.
2). Ridges Basin provides an intriguing case study, then, of migrants coming into an unoccupied area during the early Pueblo I period and organizing themselves into a new socio-spatial organizational form—the village-centered landscape—followed by the rapid and complete abandonment of the area after a generation or two. Pueblo I households generally comprised a pit structure as the main domicile and associated aboveground storage rooms. Extramural hearths, roasting features, middens, and human burials are also commonly found at these habitations, and these are often contained within an enclosure made of posts, adobe, and/or cobbles.