By Andrew K. Frank
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Additional info for The Seminole (The History and Culture of Native Americans)
The hide of deer, bears, tigers and wolves, together with honey, wax and other productions of the country, purchase their clothing, equipage, and domestic utensils from the whites. They seem to be free from want or desires. No cruel enemy to dread; nothing to give them disquietude, but the gradual encroachments of the white people. Thus contented and undisturbed, they appear as blithe and free as the birds of the air, and like them as volatile and active, tuneful and vociferous. The visage, action, and deportment of the Siminoles form the most striking picture of happiness in this life; joy, contentment, love, and friendship, without guile or affectation, seem inherent in them, or predominant in their vital principle, for it leaves them but with the last breath of life.
S. Army cut down banana trees belonging to Chief Billy Bowlegs. The act, which was intentionally designed to get Bowlegs to initiate an attack on American solders, worked as planned. An irate Bowlegs attacked the American forces, and the war began. indd 49 9/14/10 10:40 AM 50 THE SEMINOLE S eminole to move west, the threats largely failed. S. military increased its presence inside Seminole territory and a series of small-scale battles ensued. There were few sustained battles in the Third Seminole War and the war resulted in a few hundred Seminole being transported west.
Civil War preoccupied the United States, and the hundreds of Seminole who remained in Florida were all but forgotten by outsiders. In the late 1870s and then in the early 1880s, a few Americans encountered the Seminole again. They observed that the Seminole had survived by adapting their lives to suit the realities of the wetlands of South Florida. The adjustments that the Seminole made largely reflected their Creek heritage and the limitations and opportunities of their surroundings. They created new forms of housing, lived in small and dispersed communities, and otherwise took advantage of the bounty provided by the Everglades.