The Road to Nunavut: The Progress of the Eastern Arctic by R. Quinn Duffy

By R. Quinn Duffy

In the line to Nunavut, R. Quinn Duffy analyses federal executive coverage at the social and fiscal progress of the Inuit. Duffy describes the industrial, social, and political adjustments within the japanese Arctic and gives the ancient heritage to the present debate on Inuit land claims and political subdivision of the Northwest Territory. steadily, and just a little reluctantly, the Canadian govt assumed the function of dad or mum of the Inuit and have become concerned about their housing, schooling, employment, and wellbeing and fitness companies. The evolution of government-supported companies created difficulties which are nonetheless unmet; the alterations in lifestyle that resulted have been exacerbated via unemployment and the Inuit's inferior social and political prestige. beginning within the 1960's, those complicated difficulties resulted in elevated delinquency, violence, and abuse of alcohol. Duffy exhibits how the Inuit progressively assumed accountability for bettering their state of affairs, ultimately constructing the political adulthood that chanced on expression within the Inuit Tapirisat of Canada, its affiliated agencies, and the strain for nearby self-determination.

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As for sealskins, the Inuit considered them unsuitable for winter clothing. During the summer, too, the Inuit had come to prefer imported clothing, which, "although perhaps less picturesque and more expensive than native clothing," was probably more adequate. Cantley believed that oilskin clothes and rubber boots provided more protection while working in boats and along the shore in all kinds of weather. It was true too that housing conditions were rapidly deteriorating. The new homes that the Inuit chose to build for themselves were no longer confined to the settlements but began to replace traditional snow houses in the winter camps as well.

Hoey wanted to know if the Inuit were recognized as wards of the government. Stewart, with apparent reluctance, replied, "I am afraid we have to say they are. " So the Canadian government had, even if unofficially and unconstitutionally, assumed responsibility as guardian of the Inuit. As a 8 The Road to Nunavut surrogate father to the natives of the north, the government was remarkably ignorant about the people in its charge. "The territory is so remote that we know very little about it," the minister of the interior admitted in the House on 10 June 1925.

McKeand of the Bureau of Northwest Territories and Yukon Affairs described the American statements as based on gossip and rumour, and the HBC dismissed them as malicious tattle by over-zealous, uninformed humanitarians who did not appreciate the harsh reality of life in the Arctic. L. Robinson, to inquire into them. 25 The Americans had 17 Reluctant Guardian already raised most of them. 1. Controlling the contact between the native and the inevitable approaching civilization. 2. Lack of education among the Eskimo.

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