The Navajos in 1705: Roque Madrid's Campaign Journal by David M. Brugge, Rick Hendricks, John P. Wilson

By David M. Brugge, Rick Hendricks, John P. Wilson

This long-lost magazine, now on hand in paperback, offers a special investigate the previous Navajo nation. lately rediscovered, it's either the earliest and basically wide eyewitness account of the normal Navajo native land within the eighteenth century. It unearths new details on Hispanic New Mexico and kin with the Indians. For the 1st twenty days in August of 1705, Roque Madrid led approximately a hundred Spanish squaddies and electorate including a few three hundred Pueblo Indian allies on a 312-mile march in retaliation for Navajo raiding. The bilingual textual content allows appreciation of the strangely literate and dramatic magazine. old and archeological information are conscientiously tapped to retrace the direction. "This account units a brand new average for the e-book of such files. . . . I think of it a gem."--David M. Brugge, writer of The Navajo-Hopi Land Dispute

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Page xvi Earlier the archeologist (Wilson) asked the historian for information pertaining to the career of Roque Madrid. This was not an idle interest, because he had been aware of the transcript of the journal since graduate-school days and finally obtained a copy in 1970, with the objective of eventually publishing it. He made a rough translation and began accumulating background information, while giving priority to field trips to work out the actual route. While researching Adolph Bandelier's career as a documentary historian for a paper to be delivered at a 1990 conference celebrating the sesquicentennial of his birth, the historian ran across the transcript.

Because everything was already up, I continued on this route in the direction of the Río Grande. After a short distance, I stopped my men in a cañada of a small, highly obstructed creek. There was so much tanglebush that the horses could not drink that day, in which I traveled a little more than 10 leagues. On the tenth of said month and year, Capt. Juan Roque Gutiérrez set out for the Río Grande to water the horses. At a distance of one-fourth of a league from the campsite where the company was stopped, there is a river with a little less water than the Río del Norte when it is low.

All my companions and I were very disconsolate and afflicted to see the horses staggering and dizzy from thirst. There was neither remedy for this difficult situation nor any way to punish the enemy. They were making great fun of us, spying from the heights of Los Peñoles. Thus, it was that our horses went among the rocks Page 27 sniffing and neighing in such a way that it seemed that they understood and were asking God for water with their cries. In the midst of this affliction, our chaplain began to clamor to Heaven, asking for relief; all my companions and I joined him.

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