By Camron Michael Amin
The Women's Awakening venture in past due Thirties Iran below Reza Shah Pahlavi is the focal point of this historic examine the emergence of the trendy thought of womanhood in Iran. Amin's huge examine confirms that Reza Shah's arguable try and forcibly westernize Iranian girls, and never the pre-revolutionary 1970's, marked the turning aspect for "the girl query" in Iran. Drawing on a mixture of archival information, oral historical past, diplomatic assets, and modern press experiences, Amin's is the 1st booklet to discover the Women's Awakening undertaking in such element. via illustrating Reza Shah's efforts either to emancipate and to manage Iranian ladies, the publication increases new questions about the connection among the Iranian country and its woman voters. Amin breaks new flooring within the research of Iranian historical past through reading the hyperlinks among kingdom coverage, pop culture, and person reminiscence. This hugely readable booklet additionally presents an important heritage for knowing the present debate among "hardliners" and "reformers" in Iran.
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Additional info for The Making of the Modern Iranian Woman: Gender, State Policy, and Popular Culture, 1865-1946
One of the most enduring legacies of the renewal movement was the articulation of modern Iranian nationalism. 28 However, a close reading of their 26 | The Making of the Modern Iranian Woman views on women shows them to have been primarily concerned with women’s role in the domestic sphere and to have been the true architects of “the patriarchal consensus” that Paidar identifies with the building of the modern nation-state in the twentieth century. 29 Akhundzadeh strongly criticized the ruling order in Iran as corrupt due to the despotic rule of the Qajar kings.
The parliamentary commission that drafted the law was headed by Mohammad Ali Forughi Zoka al-Molk, and in the course of the debate questions were directed toward him. Only one representative, Hajj Shaykh Mohammad Taqi Vakil al-Ra aya, questioned the ban: I will be bold and ask about that first part about forbidding women, who are part of God’s creation, from voting. If we are going to bar them from the vote, what logical reasons do we have for barring them from the vote? I will dare to say—that regardless of what we want, and [even] if we are bound to act [in accordance] with the Koran in all cases, those who do not want to can go [sic]; [they] are not forced to obey.
Her inherent lack of honor and intelligence required that the man responsible for her shield her from strange men, from suggestive parts of the Koran, and even from her own sexual desires (via circumcision). Although she was supposed to be treated with patience, she was not to be consulted on any matter, and it was her obligation to obey her husband in virtually all respects. Another work attributed to a cleric of the Safavid period, Mohammad Ebn Hosayn Khwansari (ca. 1710), was a satirical treatise called Aqa ed al-Nesa (The Beliefs of Women).