By Alan J. Kuperman
In 1994 genocide in Rwanda claimed the lives of a minimum of 500,000 Tutsi—some three-quarters in their population—while UN peacekeepers have been withdrawn and the remainder of the area stood apart. Ever on the grounds that, it's been argued small army intervention can have avoided many of the killing. within the Limits of Humanitarian Intervention, Alan J. Kuperman exposes such traditional knowledge as myth.
Combining unparalleled analyses of the genocide's development and the logistical barriers of humanitarian army intervention, Kuperman reaches a startling end: no matter if Western leaders had ordered an intervention once they turned conscious of a national genocide in Rwanda, the intervention forces could have arrived too past due to save lots of greater than 1 / 4 of the 500,000 Tutsi finally killed. Serving as a cautionary message concerning the limits of humanitarian intervention, the book's concluding chapters tackle classes for the future.
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Extra info for The limits of humanitarian intervention : genocide in Rwanda
Tutsi living conditions were deteriorating and supplies dwindling, but the Hutu generally were unwilling to risk casualties by attacking. 6 Though these forces were few in number at each site, they were armed with rifles, grenades, and machine guns, which tilted the balance of forces. 7 Those Tutsi not *chap01-03 5/15/01 11:04 AM Page 16 killed or wounded by the initial fusillade often attempted to flee, whereupon they usually were cut down by gunfire or surrounded and killed by the mob.
In the absence of such details, only a high death estimate would suggest the possibility of genocide. Accordingly, given the early confusion about the nature of the violence in Rwanda, a death toll of 20,000 during the first week did not seem to indicate the occurrence of genocide. ” Two days later the New York Times repeated this statistic, underestimating the actual carnage at that point by about tenfold. Not until a few days later did the scope of killing rapidly emerge. On April 20, Human Rights Watch declared that “as many as 100,000 people may have died to date,” and the RPF warned *chap04-05 5/15/01 11:05 AM Page 28 that “hundreds of thousands of defenseless” victims were being slaughtered.
Second, there was a dearth of foreigners and reporters in the countryside as they migrated to the capital for evacuation during the first days, and those in Kigali were kept busy reporting on the city’s chaos and the evacuation. Third, after completion of the evacuation on April 13, few foreigners remained anywhere in Rwanda. The resulting initial focus on Kigali, a city that contained only 4 percent of Rwanda’s population, obscured the nationwide scope of violence and therefore its genocidal intent.