The Human Body: An Introduction to Structure and Function by Adolf Faller

By Adolf Faller

The fundamental rules of the anatomy and body structure of the human physique are provided in easy-to-read language with truly built-in textual content and four-color illustrations.
Full attention is given to the pursuits of varied disciplines within the wellbeing and fitness care field.
The contents of the booklet were up to date. the entire chapters were increased and in part rewritten, really the following:
- Biology of the mobilephone (updated and expanded)
- Genetics and Evolution (new)
- Musculoskeletal procedure (17 new illustrations)
- center and Vascular approach (new, clearer organization)
- Blood, Immune method and Lymphatic Organs (detailed assurance of the immune process, in accordance with the most recent discoveries)
- Endocrine Organs (updated with many new illustrations)
- Digestive approach (completely revised, together with new sections on Antioxidants and Medicinal Herbs
- replica, improvement and start (with new, special insurance of the fertilization process)
- valuable and Peripheral fearful process (blood provide to the mind has been added)
A overall of fifty one new illustrations were additional, and so on were revised.
Other new beneficial properties are the precis on the finish of every bankruptcy, which reports the bankruptcy contents; the exact desk of Contents initially of every bankruptcy; and the fold-out colour plate of an absolutely classified skeleton.

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Extra info for The Human Body: An Introduction to Structure and Function

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On the other hand, if both parents are affected heterozygotes (Fig. 4b), 75 % of the children will be affected (25 % homozygous, 50 % heterozygous) and 25 % will be healthy homozygotes. In the rare case when one parent is homozygous and affected with a hereditary autosomal dominant disease, while the other parent is healthy, all children will be heterozygotic carriers (Fig. 4c). Autosomal Recessive Hereditary Transmission Another type of dominant−recessive inheritance is autosomal recessive hereditary transmission.

Thus in families with a small number of children, autosomal recessive diseases occur only sporadically. If one parent is an affected homozygote and the other is a healthy homozygote, all the children will be healthy heterozygotes (Fig. 5c). Almost all metabolic defects that are caused the absence of an enzyme are transmitted by autosomal recessive inheritance. These include phenylketonuria (a congenital deficiency leading to mental retardation, see below), albinism (lack of tyrosine hydroxylase interferes with the metabolic pathway from tyrosine to the skin pigment melatonin), and cystic fibrosis (mucoviscidosis; thickened secretions from secretory glands lead to severe complications in the respiratory and gastrointestinal tracts).

Thus the constellation that usually creates hereditary transmission occurs when a heterozygous carrier of the disease pairs with a healthy partner. Consequently, for each child, independently of its sex, the probability of hereditary transmission of an autosomal dominant Faller, The Human Body © 2004 Thieme All rights reserved. Usage subject to terms and conditions of license. 48 2 Genetics and Evolution disease is 50 %. In this situation it does not matter which parent carries the affected dominant allele.

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