The First Immigrants from Asia: A Population History of the by A.J. Jaffe

By A.J. Jaffe

Differences in abundance among what's recognized, is still speculative, or may be inherently unknowable.' From the Foreword by way of George Stolnitz

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The Bering Land Bridge-Beringia-that we describe later is a route that the ancient Siberians or other northeastern Asians could have taken to reach the New World. Since there are no witnesses alive today who could give testimony, we must rely on circumstantial evidence, on the probabilities. Let us begin by asking from where they might have come. It appears obvious from their physical appearance that the Amerindians could not have arrived from Africa. Europe as an origin also is very unlikely because of the intervening Atlantic and Arctic oceans.

There was plenty of meat available for the Siberian Ancestors. Hence, if and when a tribe living in eastern Siberia found its food supply to be insufficient or was driven away by some other tribe that wanted the territory, it could move, or flee, sometimes toward Beringia. The geography and food resources were similar on both sides of the nonexistent boundaries separating Siberia from Beringia, or Beringia from Alaska. This process of forced movement, we suggest, was repeated time and time again.

In southeastern Canada, in particular that section lying between about Quebec City and Lake Superior (in the United States between New York State on the east and Michigan on the west), maize was an important crop also. Minor crops included beans, chilis, pumpkin, squash, and others that require more or less the same growing conditions as maize. In addition, various wild grasses including what we now call "wild rice" were eaten when available. Wild acorns and nuts and other food items were used, but little of these foods grew in Canada north of the cultivable land.

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