The education of a Christian woman : a sixteenth-century by Juan Luis Vives

By Juan Luis Vives

"From conferences and dialog with males, amorous affairs come up. in the middle of pleasures, banquets, dances, laughter, and self-indulgence, Venus and her son Cupid reign ultimate. . . . bad younger lady, in case you emerge from those encounters a captive prey! How far better it can were to stay at domestic or to have damaged a leg of the physique instead of of the mind!" So wrote the sixteenth-century Spanish humanist Juan Luis Vives in a recognized paintings devoted to Henry VIII's daughter, Princess Mary, yet meant for a much broader viewers attracted to the schooling of women.

Praised through Erasmus and Thomas extra, Vives recommended schooling for all ladies, despite social type and skill. From youth via formative years to marriage and widowhood, this handbook bargains sensible suggestion in addition to philosophical meditation and used to be famous quickly after booklet in 1524 because the so much authoritative pronouncement at the common schooling of ladies. Arguing that girls have been intellectually equivalent if no longer more desirable to males, Vives under pressure highbrow companionship in marriage over procreation, and moved past the non-public sphere to teach how women's development was once crucial for the nice of society and state.

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In the matter of the wife's obedience and complete subjection to the husband, no matter what his defects, Vives adheres to the usual Aristotelian teachings on the subject along with the rigid precepts of Saint Paul. To lend more credibility to his teachings, he offers an example from direct experience: the devotion showed by his mother-inlaw, Clara Cervent, to her older, syphilitic husband, to whom she had been fraudulently married. Although this example was meant as a tale of edification, it will elicit in the modern reader a sense of absolute revulsion.

Charles Fantazzi (Leiden, 1979), 16-20. 10. Juan LUISVives, Early Writings 2 (Leiden. 1991),40-71. Prelude to the Other Voice in Vives triumph is followed by an ovation (usually defined as a minor triumph) of the Blessed Virgin and a description of Christ's shield in battle (Clipeus),11 modeled on Virgil's description of the shield of Aeneas in the eighth book of the Aeneid(vv. 626-728). These early works evince a kind of naive piety combined with an impressive demonstration of both humanistic and theological learning.

He accuses them of corrupting Latin into a kind of nonlanguage that only they could understand. By their manipulations of this specialized language, Vives says, they give the appearance of victory in debate by leaving their adversaries more dumbfounded than defeated. Moreover, their methods had infiltrated the sacred precinct of theology, with the result that the teachings of revelation were being obfuscated by this barbarous language. Vives insists that too much time is dedicated to the study of logic, a subject that should not be learned for its own sake but as a support to the other arts.

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