The Deeds of the Princes of the Poles (Central European by Gallus Anonymus

By Gallus Anonymus

Written round 1112-1116, The Deeds of the Princes of the Poles tells the traditional background of Poland right down to the reign of Boleslaw III. The chronicle includes details on Poland's family members to her neighbours in addition to the political rules of the time.

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33 Johannes Fried, “Gnesen-Aachen-Rom, Otto III. und der Kult des hl. Adalbert: Beobachtungen zum Älteren Adalbertsleben,” in Polen und Deutschland vor 1000 Jahren: Die Berliner Tagung über den “Akt von Gnesen,” ed. Michael Borgolte (Berlin: Akademie Verlag, 2002), pp. 267–9. This hypothesis would need to be refined by additional study of the Liège school; such an inquiry might include the possibility of a personal relationship between our author and Cosmas of Prague, who spent several years in Liège, perhaps at the same time as the author of GpP – a question on which neither J.

Xxxii INTRODUCTION The environment in which the author moved while working on the GpP can only be surmised. 43 Several passages in the GpP suggest that the author was connected in some way with the Awda¥cy kindred. Chancellor Michael was a member of that family, as was the palatine Skarbimir, one of the very few magnates singled out by name for praise. , p. 3, n. , p. 211. On the royal chapel and its probable role in the spread of literacy in medieval Poland, see Gerard Labuda, “Miejsce powstania kroniki Anonima Galla” [The places of origin of the chronicle of Gallus Anonymus], in Prace z dziejów Polski feudalnej ofiarowane Romanowi Grodeckiemu w 70 rocznic¤ urodzin, ed.

24. 88 Besides these, it is not impossible that the author used notes from calendars. Several dates from the liturgical year appear in the narrative. However, most are connected with the deeds of Bolesław III, for which more direct information would have been available from contemporaries. 90 For example, the battle with the pagan Pomeranians took place around the feast of St. Michael, a saint closely connected with the Christianization of pagans and the defeat of heathen cults. 91 Apart from the oral sources touched on previously – the accounts of participants and eyewitnesses (which seem to reach as far back as the times of Bolesław II the Bountiful) – another type of oral source seems to have been old dynastic legends.

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