By Keith E. Small
This specified paintings takes a mode of textual research conventional in stories of historic Western and jap manuscripts and applies it to twenty-one early Qur'an manuscripts. Keith Small analyzes an outlined section of textual content from the Qur'an with goals in view: to get better the earliest type of textual content for this component, and to track the old improvement of this element to the present type of the textual content of the Qur'an.
Small concludes that even though a considerably early edited kind of the consonantal textual content of the Qur'an may be recovered, its unique different types of textual content can't be received. He additionally files the extra modifying that was once required to list the Arabic textual content of the Qur'an in an entire phonetic script, in addition to supplying an evidence for far of the advance of assorted recitation structures of the Qur'an. This arguable, thought-provoking ebook offers a rigorous exam into the historical past of the Qur'an and should be of serious curiosity to Quranic reviews students.
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Additional info for Textual Criticism and Qur’an Manuscripts
The recto side has twenty-nine lines of text. The verso side has thirty. There are single verse markers that are patterns of between three and eight dots arranged vertically at the end of verses. These were possibly added in later because they are often squeezed into the small portion of existing space between two words. A complete verse count for Surah 14 was not possible with the available manuscript pages. There are no five or ten verse markers. The page has a corner missing and some tears and water damage which at times obscure the reading.
2165 This is the British Library’s oldest Qur’ān. This manuscript was examined using the color photographic facsimile produced by Drs. Déroche and Noseda10 as well as color digital images obtained from the British Library. Pages in this manuscript are approximately 220mm x 320mm. The writing area is approximately 200mm x 300mm. The approximations are due to the margins of the pages having been trimmed, leaving variable page sizes and writing areas. The manuscript has between twenty-one and twenty-seven lines of text per page.
13 17. This can be seen in what would need to be documented: the eighty separate known canonical oral recitations of the Qur’ān, the many known and as yet undocumented uncanonical oral recitations, the discrepancies in the Islamic records of the thousands of variant readings among many of these recitations, and the lack of actual manuscript evidence of these textual variants. The eighty recitations are explained in as-Said’s book The Recited Koran. 18. Welch, in his EI2 article, “al-Kur’ān” (EI2, V:400–429, here 407) observed that confidence in the authenticity of the variants declined during the 1930s as they were being collected and analyzed from early Islamic literature.