By Deirdre Boden, Don H. Zimmerman
Speak is on the center of daily life, but social scientists have often handled it as peripheral to human affairs and social constitution. This number of unique essays deals a brand new and various standpoint that sees speak because the basic framework of social interplay and social associations.
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Extra info for Talk and Social Structure: Studies in Ethnomethodology and Conversation Analysis
This informal handling of social-structural context is unsatisfactory, however, for it obscures matters that should be brought under explicit analytic control. Thus, while much remains to be discovered concerning the sequential organization of social interaction, it is now essential also to direct explicit attention to the relation between social structure and sequential organization. Schegloff (1987a, 1987b, 1987c) has raised some of the broad methodological issues in treating social structure explicitly in conversation analysis.
However, when the purpose is to understand the methods participants themselves employ to construct their interaction over its actual course, the principle of relevance is fundamental. This point has been made repeatedly (Sacks 1963; Garfinkel 1967; Garfinkel and Sacks 1970). For a discussion of methodological implications, see Wilson (1987). Exceptions might be notions derived from biology that are employed, for example, in demography, but only if the sociologist takes care to ensure that research categories are in fact established independently of the social accounting processes with which members of society comprehend biological phenomena.
In order to treat this as a request-response pair with an insertion sequence, we must understand the last part of the second turn (lines 2 and 3) as a request. But the actual utterance, "somebody jus' vandalized my=car", cannot be construed as a request on the basis of lexical or grammatical considerations alone, nor does its sequential placement per se mark it as a request. The problem, then, is how the parties to this conversation hear "somebody jus' vandalized my=car" as a request. One possible argument is retrospective.