By F. Muedini
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Extra info for Sponsoring Sufism: How Governments Promote "Mystical Islam" in their Domestic and Foreign Policies
29) And it is this notion of sainthood that brings about a strong power dynamic. The saint takes on this authority. Thus, along with the teachings and sayings of the saint, the body of the saint itself as well as material objects that the saint has come across, can all bear additional significance (Kugle, 2006). Again, while the follower of the saint hopes to emulate the saint’s actions, in order to reach this spiritual level her-/ himself, others continue to admire the power and position of the saint, even if they are aware that they cannot reach the same spiritual state (Kugle, 2006).
Attempting to exit, the thief can no longer find the What Is Sufism? l 31 door. He puts down the garment and again sees his way out. Seven times he attempts unsuccessfully to make his getaway, but a voice informs him that he is wasting his time, for even Satan does not dare to test the divine protection around this woman. (98) 4 The importance of the Sufi saint can also extend far beyond the person’s death. Sufi shrines are often erected at burial sites of saints. This has been a major point of contention by some Muslims who view such actions as haram (prohibited) in Islam (Ernst, 1997) because such tombs are seen as elevating individuals to an almost God-like status through the setting up of shrines, as well as when followers offer supplications and prayer at the tomb of the saint (Ewing & Mannan, 2009).
This, however, led to increased political opposition throughout different parts of Libya. The outrage among individuals in Libya was heightened when Yusuf Pasha, the leader of Libya at the time, placed a special tax on the military. Then, the military attempted to remove him from power. Yusuf Pasha, fighting off local opposition, asked the Ottoman Empire for military support (St. John, 2008). Thus, in 1835, the Empire arrived with troops in order to thwart any military threat, and regained control of Libya (St.