Social Sources of Disparities in Health and Health Care and by Jennie Jacobs Kronenfeld

By Jennie Jacobs Kronenfeld

"Volume 27, examine within the Sociology of well-being Care" bargains with Social assets of Disparities in wellbeing and fitness and overall healthiness Care. the 1st part, Disparities in well-being and wellbeing and fitness Care: simple views, reports uncomplicated fabric at the subject. the second one part on Racial and Ethnic components in Disparities in future health and future health Care usage contains 5 articles, 3 considering racial and ethnic elements in disparities and on these components and different social components similar to SES. the following part specializes in source of revenue, SES, and Cultural Capital in Disparities in well-being and wellbeing and fitness Care supply and comprises a piece of writing that makes a speciality of the function of schooling, one at the influence of adolescence poverty on later lifestyles wellbeing and fitness and one at the position of cultural capital in overall healthiness results. The fourth part comprises papers on prone, amenities and overall healthiness Disparities. The final part, half five, bargains with in the community orientated experiences in wellbeing and fitness Disparities and comprises 3 papers group methods for doing away with health and wellbeing disparities, the results of family resources upon rural citizens' self-reported actual and emotional overall healthiness and disparities in wellbeing and fitness care between Vietnamese american citizens in New Orleans and the affects of storm Katrina.

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The finding that perceived race is more closely related to the receipt of health screenings than selfidentification casts doubt on several common explanations for disparities in screenings that assume cultural differences between groups. Instead, it points to the importance of appearance – and perhaps the implicit prejudices that go along with it – in explaining who receives regular health screenings and who does not. WHY DIFFERENT MEASURES SUGGEST DIFFERENT MECHANISMS Recent work across the social sciences has shown that research conclusions about racial disparities are affected by which measure of race is used and how the racial data were collected (Arias, Schauman, Eschbach, Sorlie, & Backlund, 2008; Campbell & Troyer, 2007; Harris & Sim, 2002; Morgan, Botev, Chen, & Huang, 1999; Telles & Lim, 1998; Sugarman, Soderberg, Gordon, & Rivara, 1993; Hahn, Mulinare, & Teutsch, 1992).

However, I do expect my multiple-measure approach to provide insight into how a patient’s race operates to create disparate outcomes in health screenings. The aim is not to correct conventional findings, but to elaborate upon them. Reported Health Screenings As part of the respondent’s medical history, the 1988 NSFG includes a series of questions about whether and under what circumstances the respondent received any of several health screenings. Each test or exam was covered in a pair of questions.

Gotler, R. , Gregory, P. , & Stange, K. C. (2001). Time use in clinical encounters: Are African-American patients treated differently? Journal of the National Medication Association, 93, 380–385. , & Winant, H. (1994). Racial formation in the United States: From the 1960s to the 1990s. New York: Routledge. Penner, A. , & Saperstein, A. (2008). How social status shapes race. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 105, 19628–19630. Saperstein, A. (2006). Double-checking the race box: Examining inconsistency between survey measures of observed and self-reported race.

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