By Nick Cullather
In 1992, the relevant Intelligence supplier employed the younger historian Nick Cullather to write down a background (classified “secret” and for inner distribution in simple terms) of the Agency’s Operation PBSUCCESS, which overthrew the lawful executive of Guatemala in 1954. Given complete entry to the Agency’s data, he produced a brilliant insider’s account, meant as a coaching guide for covert operators, detailing how the C.I.A. selected ambitions, deliberate ideas, and arranged the mechanics of waging a mystery struggle. In 1997, in the course of a short interval of open disclosure, the C.I.A. declassified the background with remarkably few important deletions. the hot York occasions known as it “an astonishingly frank account . . . that may be a high-water mark within the agency’s openness.” this is that account, with new notes through the writer which make clear issues within the heritage and upload newly to be had information.In the chilly battle surroundings of 1954, the U.S. country division (under John Foster Dulles) and the C.I.A. (under his brother Allen Dulles) seemed Guatemala’s democratically elected leftist govt as a Soviet beachhead within the Western Hemisphere. on the C.I.A.’s course, the govt was once overthrown and changed via an army dictatorship put in via the enterprise. This publication tells, for the 1st time, how a disaster-prone operation—marked through undesirable making plans, terrible protection, and incompetent execution—was raised to mythical prestige by means of its virtually unintentional triumph.This early C.I.A. covert operation overjoyed either President Dwight D. Eisenhower and the Dulles brothers, and Allen Dulles concluded that the obvious luck in Guatemala, regardless of an extended sequence of errors, made the enterprise a valid version for destiny operations. This publication unearths how the legend of PBSUCCESS grew, and why makes an attempt to mimic it failed so disastrously on the Bay of Pigs in 1961 and within the Contra warfare within the 1980’s. The Afterword lines the consequences of the coup of 1954 at the next risky politics and infrequently violent historical past of Guatemala.
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Additional resources for Secret History: The CIA's Classified Account of Its Operations in Guatemala, 1952-1954
Appendix C reproduces, with new explanatory notes, excerpts from related documents released at the same time. Page 3 Secret Operation PBSUCCESS The United States and Guatemala 1952-1954 Nicholas Cullather History Staff Center for the Study of Intelligence Central Intelligence Agency Washington, DC 1994 Secret Page 4 Warning Notice Intelligence Sourecs Methods Involved (WNINTEL) National Security Information Unauthorized Disclosure Subject to Criminal Sanetions Classified by 0986542 Declassify: OADR Derived from multiple sourecs All material on this page is unclassified.
11-19. , pp. 21-22; Iramerman, CIA in Guatemala, p. 83. Page 11 soldier killed a young schoolteacher, a general strike paralyzed the country, and the aged, ailing dictator surrendered power to his generals. Teachers continued to agitate for elections, and in October younger officers led by Capt. Jacobo Arbenz Guzán and Maj. Francisco Arana deposed the junta. The officers stepped aside to allow the election of a civilian president, a sacrifice that earned popular acclaim for both them and the Army.
It is an obituary for the openness program. " Tenet had previously said that as far as he was concerned openness was over. " The following story, I believe, shows why it is even more dangerous not to. NICK CULLATHER BLOOMINGTON, INDIANA JULY 1998 Page 1 The cover of Operation PBSUCCESS, deposited in photocopy in the National Archives in May 1997. Page 2 What follows is the sanitized version of Operation PBSUCCESS deposited in the National Archives in May 1997 by the CIA. Every effort has been made to reproduce the redacted version of the text exactly; blank spaces in the text, notes, and appendixes represent excisions of approximately the same length in the sanitized version.