Searching for a ’Principle of Humanity’ in International by Camilla Guldahl Cooper , Gro Nystuen Kjetil Mujezinovic

By Camilla Guldahl Cooper , Gro Nystuen Kjetil Mujezinovic Larsen

The criminal norms of overseas Humanitarian legislation are the made of a compromise among humanitarian issues and the calls for of army necessity. In trying to find a ’Principle of Humanity’ in foreign Humanitarian legislations, foreign criminal students ponder even if humanitarian concerns have an self sustaining criminal influence on IHL past the formation of those norms. They ask even if a ’principle of humanity’ should be acknowledged to have felony strength in its personal correct. furthermore, the booklet investigates even if local or nationwide ameliorations are rising in regards to the import and emphasis put on humanitarian concerns. for example, do states which aren't at once stricken by armed clash connect a better weight to humanitarian concerns whilst studying and utilizing IHL than these states that are extra without delay occupied with armed conflicts? in particular, this ebook examines no matter if a specific ’Nordic viewpoint’ could be pointed out, due to these states’ involvement in armed conflicts outdoors their very own territories within the publish- moment global conflict period.

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2010) 5 Army Lawyer,€103. Â� 33╇ Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and on their Destruction, 18 September 1997. 34 Supra note 20. 35 T. Meron, ‘The humanization of humanitarian law’ (2000) 94 American Journal of International Law 239. 36 S. Maslen, Anti-Personnel Mines under Humanitarian Law: A View from the Â�Vanishing Point (Antwerp/Oxford/New York: Intersentia-Transnational Publishers, 2001) 202 ff. describes the military utility of anti-personnel mines, and concludes that the Â�effectiveness of these mines is low, but that it ‘is not possible to argue convincingly that anti-personnel mines have no military utility whatsoever’ (at 208).

Thus, for example, the concept of ‘armed conflict’ refers to effective hostile contacts between armed forces or to the existence of wounded and sick, prisoners of war, enemy civilians in need of protection (international The main epochs of modern IHL since 1864 33 armed conflicts), or to a military organisation of the armed forces and a certain intensity of the armed contest (non-international armed conflicts). , effectiveness, then the law of armed conflict applies. It is not by coincidence that the term ‘law of war’ was now progressively abandoned in favour of the larger term ‘law of armed conflict’ in order precisely to underscore this shift from a subjective to an objective system.

Maritime warfare had thus, since time immemorial, been geared to hampering commerce. This inevitably meant inflicting damage not only on the state and its agents, but also on private individuals, enemies (confiscation, destruction) or neutrals (contraband of war, blockade). The Anglo-Saxon states accepted this as a necessity in maritime war; while many continental authors opposed it as an infringement on the rule that war should take place only between states and not between private persons. 65 This was one of the most important and controversial questions of the law of war of the nineteenth century.

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