By Matilde Zimmermann
“A must-read for someone drawn to Nicaragua—or within the total factor of social change.”—Margaret Randall, writer of SANDINO'S DAUGHTERS and SANDINO'S DAUGHTERS REVISITED Sandinista is the 1st English-language biography of Carlos Fonseca Amador, the mythical chief of the Sandinista nationwide Liberation entrance of Nicaragua (the FSLN) and an important and influential determine of the post–1959 innovative iteration in Latin the US. Fonseca, killed in conflict in 1976, was once the undisputed highbrow and strategic chief of the FSLN. In a groundbreaking and fast paced narrative that attracts on a wealthy archive of formerly unpublished Fonseca writings, Matilde Zimmermann sheds new gentle on relevant topics in his ideology in addition to on inner disputes, ideological shifts, and personalities of the FSLN.The first researcher ever to be allowed entry to Fonseca’s unpublished writings (collected by way of the Institute for the examine of Sandinism within the early Eighties and now within the arms of the Nicaraguan Army), Zimmermann additionally bought own interviews with Fonseca’s acquaintances, kinfolk, fellow fighters, and political enemies. in contrast to prior students, Zimmermann sees the Cuban revolution because the an important turning element in Fonseca’s political evolution. additionally, whereas others have argued that he rejected Marxism in want of a extra pragmatic nationalism, Zimmermann exhibits how Fonseca’s political writings remained dedicated to either socialist revolution and nationwide liberation from U.S. imperialism and the tips of either Che Guevara and the sooner Nicaraguan chief Augusto César Sandino. She additional argues that his philosophy embracing the studies of the nation’s employees and peasants was once critical to the FSLN’s preliminary platform and charismatic attraction.
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Extra resources for Sandinista: Carlos Fonseca and the Nicaraguan Revolution
19 matagalpa, 1936–1950 Sunk in a hole, Matagalpa is bu√eted by the winds that blow cold through its streets. Most of the houses seem to be built of cement; they belong to rich co√ee growers. The daughters of these gentlemen go to the best schools in Managua, Granada, León and the United States; they don’t want anyone to think they are dummies from Matagalpa. There is nothing provincial about Matagalpa. Here the Chinese, the Turks, the Yankees, the Germans and even a Russian all consider themselves natives.
When this passage was written, Fonseca still thought change could be won through a ‘‘civil, peaceful campaign,’’ an idea against which he would argue vigorously in subsequent decades. In León, Fonseca put together the ﬁrst all-student cell of the psn in Nicaragua. Its members included Tomás Borge, a fellow Matagalpan and occasional writer for the opposition newspaper La Prensa, and Silvio Mayorga, 42 sandinista a fourth-year law student from a family of modest landowners in the provincial town of Nagarote.
Matagalpa, traditionally a Conservative Party stronghold, prospered under the Liberal Somoza government. Co√ee prices rose, agricultural labor costs were kept low, and the state put money into building the kind of infrastructure that exporters needed. Somoza’s methods did produce resentment and opposition. His friends and relatives and members of his Nationalist Liberal Party got preferential treatment for high-ranking new jobs and received more than their share of the land and businesses conﬁscated from Germans during World War II.