Safety and Security Review for the Process Industries : by Dennis P. Nolan

By Dennis P. Nolan

Dennis Nolan, drawing on many years of expertise as a widely known protection writer and senior loss prevention expert at Saudi Aramco, presents the basic approaches and checklists in Safety and safeguard evaluation for the method Industries. as well as guiding the reader in the course of the choice and execution of effective and entire probability research and defense studies (such as HAZOP, PHA, What-If, SVA, LOPA, Bowtie), Nolan stocks his own event and illustrates strategies with real-world examples.

Updated all through to mirror altering practices, the fourth version expands its scope to incorporate upkeep, exploratory drilling, and governmental rules updates. It provides top perform instructions on CHAZOP studies, expands on threats within the defense vulnerability research, and comprises additional info on chemical strategy amenities and hydrocarbon/chemical plant safeguards.

Up-to-date shape templates and “what-if” checklists also are to be had for patrons of the publication to obtain, making this an entire defense evaluation toolkit.

  • Helps you to accomplish compliance and stay away from mess ups: offers the checklists and best-practice assistance had to negotiate the labyrinth of threat research and defense overview procedures
  • Keeps your wisdom updated: insurance of the most recent sorts of chance research and safeguard evaluation, together with LOPA and Bowtie
  • Saves money and time: demonstrates how all of the usually required experiences is said, in order that details and conclusions used on one can be transferred or tailored for another

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Additional info for Safety and Security Review for the Process Industries : Application of HAZOP, PHA, What-IF and SVA Reviews

Example text

Independence: An IPL is independent of the other PLs associated with the identified danger. c. Dependability: It can be counted on to perform what it was designed to accomplish. Both random and systematic failure modes are addressed in the design. d. Auditability: It is designed to facilitate regular validation of the protective functions. Proof testing and maintenance of the safety systems are necessary. The typical “layers of protection” that are usually identified and provided for industrial process facilities are as follows: • The basic process design • Basic process control and alarms along with operator management of these systems (Note: alarms are usually to be less than 280 per console operator per day, with written procedures for alarm response actions) • Critical process alarms along with operator management and intervention if necessary • Automatic SIS • Physical process protection devices; for example, relief/flare systems 22 Safety and Security Review for the Process Industries • Physical plant protection features such as spacing, segregation, and fireproofing • Emergency response by the organization • Outside agency emergency response and assistance for the incident(s) LOPA follows a similar routine of review where a table format is followed and each event is listed and the sequence of factors in the table columns is determined and analyzed to demonstrate whether adequate safety measures are in place or if improvements are recommended.

Independence: An IPL is independent of the other PLs associated with the identified danger. c. Dependability: It can be counted on to perform what it was designed to accomplish. Both random and systematic failure modes are addressed in the design. d. Auditability: It is designed to facilitate regular validation of the protective functions. Proof testing and maintenance of the safety systems are necessary. The typical “layers of protection” that are usually identified and provided for industrial process facilities are as follows: • The basic process design • Basic process control and alarms along with operator management of these systems (Note: alarms are usually to be less than 280 per console operator per day, with written procedures for alarm response actions) • Critical process alarms along with operator management and intervention if necessary • Automatic SIS • Physical process protection devices; for example, relief/flare systems 22 Safety and Security Review for the Process Industries • Physical plant protection features such as spacing, segregation, and fireproofing • Emergency response by the organization • Outside agency emergency response and assistance for the incident(s) LOPA follows a similar routine of review where a table format is followed and each event is listed and the sequence of factors in the table columns is determined and analyzed to demonstrate whether adequate safety measures are in place or if improvements are recommended.

3. Identify, obtain, copy, and organize the necessary drawings and documents for the review for each team member (drawings and documents to be obtained from the Project Manager). 34 Safety and Security Review for the Process Industries 4. Organize the necessary computer hardware and software, real-time computer overhead projection screen, etc. 5. Select and identify nodes or areas for the review(s) with the Project Manager. 6. Lead and chair the review sessions in all matters except technical direction.

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