By FEMA Homeland Security
Hazard administration sequence. FEMA P-453. may perhaps 2006. presents counsel in designing shelters and secure rooms in constructions. 264 pages.
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Additional resources for Safe Rooms and Shelters: Protecting People Against Terrorist Attacks
6 occupancy duration, Toxicfree Area (TFA) Floor space, and ventilation Requirements Occupancy duration (also known as button-up CBR Collective Protection Shelter Basics time) is the length of time that people will be in the shelter with the doors closed and in the m Occupancy Duration protected environment. This period of time m Toxic-free Area (TFA) Floor Space is determined by the building owner or local m Ventilation Requirements authorities and can range from several hours to several days.
The explosive that was used in the 1996 pipe bomb attack at the Olympics in Atlanta, Georgia, consisted of smokeless powder and was preceded by a warning that was called in 23 minutes before the detonation. design considerations 1- Figure 1-1 Terrorism by event 1980 through 2001 Source: FBI Terrorism 2000/2001 Publication #308 Although the majority of these explosions targeted residential properties and vehicles, 63 took place in educational facilities, causing a total of $68,500 in property damage.
However, other circumstances and human factors may require the shelter to accommodate persons who require more than 5 square feet. 2 Hurricane or Long-term Shelter Square Footage Recommendations. Historical data indicate that hurricane shelters will typically have a maximum occupancy time of 36 hours. For this reason, the occupants of a hurricane shelter need more space and comforts than the occupants of a tornado shelter. 2 recommends a minimum of 10 square feet per person for hurricane shelters (for a hurricane event only; an event expected to last less than 36 hours).