Retailising Space: Architecture, Retail and the by Mattias Kärrholm

By Mattias Kärrholm

During the last few years there was a proliferation of latest varieties of retail area. Retail area has cropped up on the subject of all around the city panorama: in libraries, offices, church buildings and museums. in brief, retail is turning into a an increasing number of take place a part of the general public area. the normal areas of retail, resembling urban centres and outlying procuring shops, are both expanding in dimension or disappearing, generating new city forms and full environments absolutely devoted to retail. The construction of those new retail areas has led to a re- and de-territorialisation of city public area, and has additionally ended in differences in city layout and sort of fabrics used, or even within the good judgment and methods in which those layout facilities meet the desires of shops and/or shoppers. This ebook describes how the retailisation of public domain names impacts our lifestyle and our use of the equipped surroundings. Taking an architectural and territorial standpoint in this factor, it seems in particular at how retail and intake areas have replaced and territorialised city lifestyles in numerous methods. It then develops a technique and a collection of thoughts to explain and comprehend the position of structure in those territorial changes.

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These changes are thus not just a question of relocation. As the old scheme of centre and periphery gradually changes to multi-centred regional urban landscapes, retail development actually seems to have more to do with assemblage, density and territorialisation than with position vis-à-vis the old city centres. The centrality of a place is not automatically defined by the position of the old town centre but rather by its relation to other places with strong identities and attraction. This change has promoted a new kind of competition, where even the old city centres follow the logic of territorialisation, with stores concentrated within the frame of identifiable areas, such as pedestrian precincts.

Svensson 1998). 2 million. By then, Sweden had the highest density of department stores per capita in Europe (Jansson 2007: 27). 2), and the number of small businesses decreased rapidly (Boverket 2004). This 28 retailising space change took place for many reasons, such as self-service, larger volumes and new centres of distribution, as well as new highways, automobilisation and ongoing urbanisation. The 1950s saw a decrease in farms and a depopulation of the countryside, and the decade can probably be regarded as the last decade of a more extensive Swedish agrarian society (after the 1950s the number of farmers decreased very rapidly, see Jordbruksverket 2005).

Malmö, for example, had 18 department stores in the early 1970s, but none in 2008 (Malmö stad 1972, 2008). 3 Svågertorp, a big box retail area in Malmö developed around the year 2000 in connection to the Öresund bridge between Malmö and Copenhagen (author’s photograph) retailising space arcades of smaller shops (often chain stores), whereas the outlying shopping facilities expanded into landscapes of hypermarkets, malls, category killers, retail strips, and so on. An ongoing rationalisation (after 1945) of food retailing owing to state interventions to promote cheaper food and to technical developments, resulted in what Franzén describes as an oligoptic market structure from the 1960s and onwards (Franzén 2004).

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