Restoring the chain of friendship: British policy and the by Timothy D. Willig

By Timothy D. Willig

During the yank Revolution, the British loved a unified alliance with their local allies within the nice Lakes sector of North the United States. by way of the warfare of 1812, even though, that “chain of friendship” had devolved into smaller, extra neighborhood alliances. to appreciate how and why this pivotal shift happened, Restoring the Chain of Friendship examines British and local family members within the nice Lakes quarter among the tip of the yank Revolution and the tip of the conflict of 1812.

Timothy D. Willig lines the advancements in British-Native interplay and international relations within the 3 areas served via the organizations of fortress St. Joseph, citadel Amherstburg, and castle George respectively. in the course of the overdue eighteenth and early 19th centuries, the local peoples in each one region constructed specific relationships with the British. family members in those areas have been stricken by such components because the neighborhood luck of the fur alternate, local kin with the USA, geography, the impression of British-Indian brokers, intertribal relatives, local acculturation or cultural revitalization, and constitutional problems with local sovereignty and criminal statuses. Assessing the wide range of things that inspired kinfolk in each one of those parts, Willig determines that it was once approximately very unlikely for Britain to set up a unmarried Indian coverage for its North American borderlands, and it used to be hence pressured to conform to stipulations and situations specific to every region.



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Example text

97 Simcoe’s diplomatic endeavors mirrored those of the confederacy’s leaders, who viewed themselves as using the British to compel the Americans to agree to a just peace, a peace that would preserve their intertribal territorial claims. Similarly, Simcoe hoped to 40 Y t h e q u est f o r a jus t p eac e use the strength of a united confederacy to bring about a peace that would protect Upper Canada against the United States by threatening the use of continued Native warfare to compel the Americans to seek terms favorable to Britain.

When “another party came in from war” the same day, they “danced with a stick in . . ”58 The position of the British traders and agents near Kekionga in the period following the American Revolution reflects the ambiguity of British-Indian relations in general at the time. The intertribal residents in Kekionga’s vicinity considered the British as brethren and a leading member of the confederacy, particularly after 1786. Yet Governor-General Frederick Haldimand and his successor, Lord Dorchester, never intended to increase the British presence among the tribes within the territorial boundaries of the newly formed United States, whether at Brownstown or on the Maumee.

In fact, the subsequent words and actions of the confederacy’s leaders indicate that they continued to harbor hopes that their British Father would defend their interests. After lengthy deliberations in the October council at the Glaize, a deputation, primarily under militant Shawnee influence, addressed McKee as Simcoe’s representative. ”96 Knowing that Native hopes hung on every word he spoke, McKee remained evasive; he merely passed the speech on to Simcoe, allowing the latter to draft a response.

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