By Juan R. Cuadrado-Roura (auth.), Juan R. Cuadrado-Roura (eds.)
Many ecu, Latin American and Asian international locations have event with nearby regulations aiming to minimize local disparities in GDP according to capita and/or to increase challenge areas supporting to get over its GDP lessen. Spain represents, with none doubt, a truly wealthy and fascinating case-study concerning local difficulties and nearby improvement guidelines.
The target of this publication isn't just to research the nearby rules practiced, their goals, tools and results, yet to supply an in-depth research at the effect of investments in infrastructure, human capital and different components, in addition to the advances comprehensive when it comes to productiveness, convergence and nearby competitiveness. The ebook rather desires to impart wisdom, which are precious for different nations’ coverage makers, in addition to for lecturers, researchers and consultants.
The contributions chosen were written by means of prestigious Spanish lecturers, such a lot of them additionally having sensible event within the box.
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Additional resources for Regional Policy, Economic Growth and Convergence: Lessons from the Spanish Case
2 Colonisation Policy This policy’s main goal was to increase agrarian production by creating new irrigation systems and infrastructures covering large farming areas. Initially (1939), the State undertook to do the basic works (dams, canals and irrigation ditches), leaving the individuals concerned to convert the land. In 1946, it was decided to favour smaller holdings (described as being of “local interest”), with the State collaborating with councils and colonisation groups. The results were poor, so a new Ley de Colonizacio´n y Distribucio´n de la Propiedad de las Zonas Regables (Irrigatable Area Property Colonisation and Distribution Act) was passed in 1949.
The Jaen Plan, approved in 1953, established the following objectives: the construction of major hydraulic works and conversion of dry land to irrigation, land preservation and forest repopulation; improved communications; mining research and programmes in favour of industrialisation, seeking private initiative. 5 Provincial Plans This policy saw the light in 1957 and was actually a way for the central Government to create minor infrastructures in the country’s different provinces and towns. It was never economically significant (1,000 million pesetas in 1957) and its goals were largely political: to provide resources with which to satisfy requests from local and provincial authorities, helping to solve some infrastructure-related problems.
10 Of course, the report also criticised the interventionist industrial policy applied in the previous 20 years, suggesting a need for a free marketplace and elimination of the regulations which had hindered Spanish growth and prevented the country’s productive system from being more competitive. 2 National Development Planning: Some Keys to Understanding the Role of Regional Factors and Development Policies The Development Plans established during the period 1964–1975 followed the French “indicative plan” model, although the public sector played a more important role in Spain.