Reducing Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Reproductive and by Arden Handler (auth.), Arden Handler, Joan Kennelly, Nadine

By Arden Handler (auth.), Arden Handler, Joan Kennelly, Nadine Peacock (eds.)

Reducing Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Reproductive and Perinatal results: The facts from Population-Based Interventions

Arden Handler, Joan Kennelly, Nadine Peacock, editors

Among women’s overall healthiness matters, reproductive concerns, either prenatal and postpartum, carry specific prominence. but regardless of the various courses devoted to bettering women’s reproductive health and wellbeing, maternal and child morbidity and mortality premiums in minority groups stay unchanged—or have elevated. Confronting this alarming statistic head-on, Reducing Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Reproductive and Perinatal Outcomes is the 1st ebook systematically studying public healthiness interventions designed towards assembly this crucial and elusive target. Its members supply the simplest considering and perform in this complex subject, clarifying the connection among evidence-based medication and evidence-based public well-being and its capability for expanding parity, contemplating interventions within the a number of contexts of women’s lives, reviewing the proof base for every application or initiative featured, and describing methodologies for comparing interventions. The ensuing quantity advocates for an integrative lifespan process, together with themes comparable to:

  • Family making plans
  • STI and HIV/AIDS screening and remedy
  • Smoking cessation and lowering publicity to environmental smoke
  • Preconceptional well-woman care
  • Depression screening and therapy
  • Labor/delivery methods and intrapartum care
  • Emerging prenatal care interventions, from centering being pregnant to doula aid

For pros and graduate scholars in psychiatry, psychology, sociology, women’s healthiness, and public healthiness, Reducing Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Reproductive and Perinatal Outcomes reframes a suite of ongoing concerns and courses the reader towards cutting-edge solutions.

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Additional info for Reducing Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Reproductive and Perinatal Outcomes: The Evidence from Population-Based Interventions

Sample text

The origins of EBM were highly influenced by the assumptions and tenets of positivist philosophy and current medical practice is still often burdened by their limitations. To illustrate the influence of positivism on the practice of EBM, this section examines a series of reproductive and perinatal health studies from the Cochrane Library. Recognized as the world’s leading authority on EBM, the library aims to facilitate decision-making related to clinical care, health services and programs, as well as population based interventions.

Avilés and D. Filc Universality: What is the Foundation of the Validity of the Evidence? Accepting the positivist assumption that science produces universally valid results, the aim of the Cochrane Collaboration is to produce and disseminate conclusions that are “evidence-based across all areas of health care, providing health care decision-makers around the world with high-quality, timely research evidence” (Cochrane Library, 2006). By relying exclusively on the RCT and quasiRCT study designs, EBM assumes that biological responses to medical interventions are overwhelmingly consistent across population strata (Victora, Habicht, & Bryce, 2004).

32. Internal validity – confounding Were the study participants in the different intervention groups (trials and cohort studies) or were the cases and controls (case-control studies) recruited from the same population? Were study participants in the different intervention groups (trials and cohort studies) or were the cases and controls (case-control studies) recruited over the same period of time? Were study participants randomized to intervention groups? 27, if randomization occurred: was the randomized intervention assignment concealed from both study participants and intervention staff until recruitment was complete and irrecoverable?

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