By Herbert Marcuse
Edition Note: inside of identify describes it as second variation with Supplementary Chapter
Publish yr note: First released in 1940, and by way of Routledge in 2000
Presents Herbert Marcuse's interpretation of Hegel's philosophy and the impact it had on ecu political notion from the French Revolution to offer day. Marcuse illuminates the results of Hegel's rules with later advancements in eu concept, particularily with Marxist thought.
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Additional info for Reason and Revolution: Hegel and the Rise of Social Theory (2nd Edition)
All forms are seized by the dissolving movement of reason which cancels and alters them until they are adequate to their notion. It is this movement that thought reflects in the process of 'mediation' (Vermittlung). If we follow the true content of our perceptions and concepts, all delimitation of stable objects collapses. They are dissolved into a multitude of relations that exhaust the developed content of these objects and terminate in the subject's comprehensive activity. Hegel's philosophy is indeed what the subsequent reaction termed it, a negative philosophy.
And if cognition by reason, that is, by concepts that are not derived from experience, means metaphysics, then the attack upon metaphysics was at the same time an attack: upon the conditions of human freedom, for the right of reason to guide experience was a proper part of these conditions. Kant adopted the view of the empiricists that all human knowledge begins with and terminates in experience, that experience alone provides the material for the concepts of reason. There is no stronger empiricist statement than that which opens his Critique of Pure Reason.
What is simply given is at first negative, other than its real potentialities. It becomes true only in the process of overcoming this negativity, so that the birth of the truth requires the death of the given state of being. Hegel's optimism is based upon a destructive conception of the given. All forms are seized by the dissolving movement of reason which cancels and alters them until they are adequate to their notion. It is this movement that thought reflects in the process of 'mediation' (Vermittlung).