By Shoichiro Fukao, Kyosuke Hamazu, Richard Doviak
Epoch-making growth in meteorology and atmospheric technology has consistently been hastened by way of the advance of complex observational applied sciences, specifically, radar technology. This expertise will depend on a variety of sciences regarding various disciplines, from electric engineering and electronics to computing device sciences and atmospheric physics. Meteorological radar and atmospheric radar every one has a distinct heritage and has been built independently. specific radar actions were performed inside their very own groups. even supposing the expertise of those radars attracts upon many universal fields, beforehand the interrelatedness and interdisciplinary nature of the learn fields haven't been constantly mentioned in a single quantity containing basic theories, observational tools, and effects. This e-book is by means of authors who, with lengthy careers within the fields, one in academia and the opposite in undefined, are excellent companions for writing at the entire technology and expertise of radars for meteorological and atmospheric observations.
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14) In a statistically homogeneous medium in which the permittivity is fluctuating due to, for example, turbulence, waves are scattered by refractive index perturbations. The wave equations for this problem are not derived in this book, and readers should refer to Tatarskii (1971, Chap. 2) or to Doviak and Zrni´c (2006, Chap. 11) for them. Plane Wave Electromagnetic wave is called a plane wave if it has electric and magnetic fields within the plane perpendicular to the direction of wave propagation.
12) are simplified as ∇2 E − ε μ ∇2 H − ε μ ∂2 E = 0, ∂ t2 ∂2 ∂ t2 H = 0. 14) In a statistically homogeneous medium in which the permittivity is fluctuating due to, for example, turbulence, waves are scattered by refractive index perturbations. The wave equations for this problem are not derived in this book, and readers should refer to Tatarskii (1971, Chap. 2) or to Doviak and Zrni´c (2006, Chap. 11) for them. Plane Wave Electromagnetic wave is called a plane wave if it has electric and magnetic fields within the plane perpendicular to the direction of wave propagation.
This is one form of Snell’s law in the optics. 40) which is called as the absolute refractive index. 27) as follows. 41) is the relative refractive index of medium 2 to medium 1. 1 Characteristics of Electromagnetic Waves 17 where ε2 and μ2 are the permittivity and the permeability of the medium 2, respectively, and μ2 μ0 for the atmosphere. 36), the reflection coefficient Er /Ei and the transmission coefficient Et /Ei are derivable. 4 Radiation In the following, the radiation field far from a wave source is derived.