Pottery and Chronology at Angel by Sherri Hilgeman

By Sherri Hilgeman

By studying the pottery came across at a widely known archaeological website, Hilgeman constructs the long-awaited timeline for the increase and decline of this old society.

Located close to present-day Evansville, Indiana, the Angel website is likely one of the very important archaeological cities linked to prehistoric Mississippian society. greater than million artifacts have been accrued from this web site in the course of excavations from 1939 to 1989, yet, in the past, no systematic survey of the pottery sherds were carried out. This quantity, documenting the 1st in-depth research of Angel website pottery, additionally offers students of Mississippian tradition with a chronology of this significant site.

Angel is usually idea to were occupied from prior to A.D. 1200 to 1450, yet students were pressured to regard this era as one chronological unit with none feel of the expansion and decline of the society that occupied it. utilizing radiocarbon assays and an research of its morphological and stylistic attributes of pottery, Sherri Hilgeman is ready to divide the profession of Angel right into a sequence of recognizable levels. She then correlates these levels with comparable ones at different archaeological excavations—especially close by Kincaid—making it attainable to match Angel society with different local cultures of the decrease Ohio Valley. via this significant contribution to local pottery stories, Hilgeman opens a window into the lifeways of prehistoric Angel society and areas that society within the higher context of Mississippian culture.



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During Black’s lifetime, Hilda Curry wrote a master’s thesis on the negative painted pottery and later published this work (Curry 1950). Carol Rachlin (1954) described the fabric-impressed pottery. After Black’s death, James Kellar (1967) wrote an overview of the artifact assemblage for inclusion in the site report. He was under pressure to complete his summary so that Black’s monograph could be promptly published, and his chapter, like Curry’s and Rachlin’s studies, was primarily descriptive. The formal pottery classi¤cation presented later in this volume and upon which the chronology is based is a combination of typological and attribute approaches.

Mound F excavation. mounds functioned at Angel in the same way that they did at other Mississippian mound centers: they were the platforms for important buildings. Angel Phase Black (1967:19–20) was well aware that Angel did not exist in splendid isolation on the southwestern Indiana-northwestern Kentucky segment of the Ohio River: “The existence of many small Middle Mississippian sites within a radius of several miles of Angel is known. . 6. Mound I (O-13-D/P-13-C) excavation. rary, and many of these surely must be, then Angel was a center—or capital— for a community of sites involving a rather large area and considerable total population” (Black 1967:546).

Collections from Tolu at Western Kentucky University include sherds of Angel Negative Painted plates and Kincaid or Nashville Negative Painted bottles (Hilgeman 1985:Figures 4 and 6). Ef¤gy bottle heads and bowl rim riders (Webb and Funkhouser 1931:Figure 75) and closed handles (Webb and Funkhouser 1931:Figure 76) are similar to those recovered at Kincaid (Orr 1951: Figures 5, 8, 11). 1; Chapter 3). These include Old Town Red, Angel Negative Painted, Kincaid Negative Painted, and Nashville Negative Painted, Matthews Incised, Beckwith Incised, O’Byam Incised, and Mound Place Incised.

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