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Additional info for Our Own Backyard: The United States in Central America, 1977-1992
64 The United States took this as sufficient mandate to try once again to fashion a mediated settlement. With all of Nicaragua engulfed in battle, the United States began an attempt to construct a "constitutionalist" solution. Somoza would resign in favor of a constitutional successor who would then appoint an "executive committee" of prominent, independent Nicaraguans and turn power over to them. The committee would mediate between Somoza's Liberal Party, the National Guard, and the opposition to create an interim government composed of all these forces.
Vaky supported Carter's human rights policy, but he also shared the Latin American Bureau's belief that Washington needed to get more directly involved in the Nicaraguan crisis. The longer Somoza stayed, the more his presence would radicalize the opposition, increasing the likelihood of a Sandinista victory. 37 Robert Pastor and Anthony Lake, on the other hand, were even more determined to prevent the administration from being drawn into the Nicaraguan vortex. After the bloodshed of September, they agreed that Somoza ought to leave, but Vaky's proposal that Washington force Somoza out quickly smacked too much of old-style intervention.
S. policy was still to minimize their influence. The key was keeping the National Guard as a military bulwark against the Sandinista guerrilla army. S. position during the earlier mediation was Washington's willingness to force Somoza's resignation. "We don't see a solution without your departure," Ambassador Pezzullo bluntly told Somoza when they first met on June 27. " Surprisingly, Somoza seemed to accept the inevitable. 67 Had the United States been willing to demand Somoza's resignation nine months earlier, a constitutional solution might have been feasible.