One Thousand Roads to Mecca: Ten Centuries of Travelers

This up-to-date and extended version of One Thousand Roads to Mecca collects major works by way of observant trip writers from the East and West over the past ten centuries—including new modern narratives—creating a entire, multifaceted literary portrait of the long-lasting culture. when you consider that its inception within the 7th century, the pilgrimage to Mecca has been the crucial topic in a wide physique of Islamic trip literature. starting with the eu Renaissance, it has additionally been the topic for a handful of adventurous writers from the West who, via conversion or connivance, controlled to slide contained in the partitions of a urban forbidden to non-Muslims. those very diverse literary traditions shape specified impressions of a lively dialog within which Mecca is the typical vacation spot and Islam the typical topic of inquiry.

Featured writers contain Ibn Battuta, J.L. Burckhardt, Sir Richard Burton, the Begum of Bhopal, John Keene, Winifred Stegar, Muhammad Asad, woman Evelyn Cobbald, Jalal Al-e Ahmad, and Malcolm X. One Thousand Roads to Mecca is a traditionally, geographically, and ethnically assorted number of commute writing that provides considerably to the literature of Islam and the West.

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And th e "breat h o f the Merciful " has become, in poetical language , th e symbo l fo r th e ac t o f divin e guidance , which , like th e mornin g breeze , open s th e contracte d bu d o f th e huma n heart. Out o f thi s nucleu s o f piou s peopl e aroun d Muhamma d ha s emerged a definition that was adopted b y the Sufis : tha t is, the three fold attitud e o f isldm, Iman, and ihsdn. 6 Th e Kora n speak s of isldm and iman; isldm i s th e complet e an d exclusiv e surrende r o f th e faithful t o God's wil l and hi s perfect acceptanc e of the injunction s as preached i n the Koran , whereas Iman, "faith," constitute s the in terior aspect of Islam.

7. The histor y of Sufi studie s i n Europ e ha s been discusse d by A. J. Arberr y i n A n Introduction t o th e History o f Sufism (London , 1942) . 8. E. H . , London, 1969) , i s immature bu t ha s som e good points; Joh n P . Brown , The Dervishes (1868 ; reprin t ed. , London , 1968) , gives muc h important material , thoug h i t i s not scholarly . 10 / WHA T I S SUFISM ? period. I n an y case , Sufis m ha s ofte n bee n considere d a typically Iranian development insid e Islam . There is no doubt tha t certai n important Irania n element s hav e survive d throug h th e age s beneath it s surface, a s both Henr i Corbi n an d Seyye d H.

N 3 2 attributed t o Ab u Hashi m as-Sufi . l8 / WHA T I S SUFISM ? a saint who put hi s hands on hi s chest and mad e him forge t all h e had studied, "but h e filled my breast with the c ilm ladunni" (Sur a 18:65), th e "knowledg e immediatel y derived fro m God " ( N 515) . c AbduDl-Qadir Gilan i performe d a miracl e b y suddenl y washin g away the text of a philosophy book h e considered dangerou s t o hi s disciple ( N 517) ; othe r Sufi s wer e urge d b y dream s t o cas t thei r precious collections of books into a river ( N 432).

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