By Tony Clark, Jos Warmer
As a part of the UML commonplace OCL has been followed by way of either pros in and by means of educational researchers and is among the most generally used languages for expressing object-oriented approach houses. This booklet comprises key contributions to the advance of OCL. such a lot papers are advancements of labor mentioned at various meetings and workshops. This special compilation addresses many very important concerns confronted through complicated pros and researchers in item modeling like e.g. real-time constraints, style checking, and constraint modeling.
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Extra resources for Object Modeling with the OCL: The Rationale behind the Object Constraint Language
Therefore, it is save to compute the type set of an intersection by (1) determining the supertypes of the involved arguments, (2) building the union of the just constructed type sets, and (3) removing all redundant supertypes of the resulting set of types. 3. It has been removed because UML allows models where one object is a direct instance of more than one type (classiﬁer). As a consequence, the oclType operator might return a set of types in the general case instead of always returning a single type as one might expect.
A system may be in diﬀerent states as it changes over time. Therefore, a system state is also called a snapshot of a running system. With respect to OCL, we can, in many cases, concentrate on a single system state given at a discrete point in time. For example, a system state provides the complete context for the evaluation of class invariants. For pre- and postconditions, however, it is necessary to consider two consecutive states (see Section 5). A single system state for an object model M is a structure σ(M) = (σClass , σAtt , σAssoc ) where the ﬁnite sets σClass (c) contain all objects of a class c ∈ Class currently existing in the system state, functions σAtt assign attribute values to each object, and the ﬁnite sets σAssoc (as) contain links connecting objects for each association as ∈ Assoc.
Finally, Section 7 summarizes the presented three new OCL type checking approaches and discusses planned future work activities. 24 2 A. 0. Let us assume that the OCL types (classes) Employee (of our University) and Student are subtypes of Person as shown in Fig. 1. Furthermore, let us assume that an OCL expression