By Daniel E. Harmon
Images and textual content examine the prior, improvement, and current tradition of Nigeria and its population.
Read or Download Nigeria: 1880 To the Present : The Struggle, the Tragedy, the Promise (Exploration of Africa: the Emerging Nations) PDF
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Additional resources for Nigeria: 1880 To the Present : The Struggle, the Tragedy, the Promise (Exploration of Africa: the Emerging Nations)
It has been estimated that during the 1830s, a sixth of the Royal Navy’s ships were patrolling West African waters on the lookout for slavers. If tried and convicted by a British court, slave traders faced the death penalty. France became slave free in 1848; the Netherlands, in 1863. It took longer to abolish slavery in the countries that received and worked the prisoners. Although the United States began passing laws to curtail the importing of slaves in the early 1800s, Americans living in both the South and North continued to own them.
He also encouraged Europeanstyle business development, especially among the people in the southern part of the colony. ” Clifford was wary of the northern emirs, believing them to be too entrenched in “backward cultural conditions” to cooperate in his plan for the colony. Under British Command By the time World War I ended in 1918, the Europeans effectively controlled their African colonies, for the most part. Troubling tribal resistance had been put down. The colonists 47 99-228 C01 pp7 11/15/02 6:35 AM Page 48 48 Nigeria Baro, c.
Slave holding was also common within Africa itself. According to estimates, in the 1800s the Muslims’ Sokoto Caliphate, in what is today northern Nigeria, had more slaves than any foreign country except the United States. Elsewhere in the Niger region, the Yoruba and neighboring ethnic groups engaged slave labor to transport palm oil and other products to the European trading posts. Slaves were forced to row river canoes and dugouts and to carry merchandise, loaded on their heads, overland. 5 million slaves were taken from the territory that today is Nigeria.