Neutralidad y Justicia: en Torno al Liberalismo Político de by Hugo O. SELEME

By Hugo O. SELEME

El presente libro aborda uno de los temas más controvertidos de los angeles filosofía política contemporánea: l. a. neutralidad del Estado liberal. John Rawls ha sido quien con más lucidez, a partir de los angeles aparición de su A thought of Justice, ha procurado elaborar una concepción de justicia que satisfaga el perfect liberal de neutralidad. A través del análisis de su obra y de las modificaciones que éste le introdujo para subsanar algunas falencias-lo que culminó en l. a. publicación de Political Liberalism- se muestra qué exigencias trae aparejadas el compromiso con el perfect liberal de neutralidad y se defiende los angeles posición de que l. a. concepción de justicia rawlsiana las satisface

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Violence is so endemic in our culture that it has become routine. It is certainly violence to threaten to use nuclear weapons against other human beings-against people we do not even know and to place in jeopardy not only their own survival as a people but the natural structure upon which all civilization rests. The maintenance of nuclear weapons into the 21st century is not to fight wars, although that can never be excluded, but to perpetuate power. This power flows from the structures of greed by which the rich think they have a right to the lion's share of the world's resources, after which they will, in the right mood and setting, share superfluous largesse.

Modern wars do not just happen. They spring from the terrible disparities in the possession of wealth and resources, from the bursting of an oppressed people seeking self-determination, from racial hatreds, and cultural hostilities. Wars are fought by the use of weapons that are, in many cases, supplied to combatants by arms merchants easily able to escape the weak government strictures imposed against the arms trade. The hot and cold wars of the 20th century were mainly fought over the great ideological divides: Democracy against Nazism; Capitalism versus Communism; self-determination versus imperialism.

But the voracious demands of the militaryindustrial complex drive the arms production machinery. Advocates of sustainable disarmament must reach over their heads. Sustainable disarmament must appeal to the ideals and self-interests of a diverse spectrum of groups in society, especially the opinionmakers in government, industry, academia, the public interest community, and the news media. Finally, sustainable disarmament needs to be elaborated in government legislation, regulations, and policies that advance the disarmament objective.

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