National Integration and Contested Autonomy: The Caribbean by Baracco (Ed.), Luciano

By Baracco (Ed.), Luciano

The indigenous and Afro-descendant peoples alongside Nicaragua's Caribbean Coast, as soon as colonized by means of the British, have lengthy sought to set up their autonomy vis-a-vis the dominant Spanish-influenced areas of the Pacific coast. The publication presents a large evaluate of the autonomy technique by means of taking a look at the ancient history of autonomy, claims to land and language rights, and land demarcation and communal forestry projects.This ebook seeks to meet the globally rising curiosity within the suggestion of autonomy and bi-zonality as an efficient mechanism of clash answer and safeguard of minority rights. The post-Cold struggle period has witnessed a resurgence of conflictive ethnic and secessionist politics that has put the taken-for-granted primacy of unitary, sovereign realms into query. in addition to instances resembling Cyprus, Northern eire, and the Basque areas of Spain, Nicaragua sought to unravel lengthy and persistent ethnic clash, problems with minority rights to self-determination, and questions in regards to the sovereignty of nationwide states, via an autonomy approach that prolonged past a slender political payment to incorporate the workout of cultural rights and keep watch over of neighborhood resources.Autonomy on Nicaragua's Caribbean Coast continues to be hugely contested, being concurrently characterised through development, setbacks and violent war of words inside of a few fields and regarding a multiplicity of actors; neighborhood, nationwide and worldwide. This adventure deals severe classes for efforts all over the world that search to solve customary and deep-seated ethnic clash through trying to reconcile the necessity for improvement, often fostered by means of nationwide governments, with the security of minority rights endorsed via marginalized minorities residing inside of kingdom states.

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June 26, 1866, BL, OPL, Confidential Paper 4013). 1 Apparently, however, this did not affect Afro-American political dominance. In 1894, for example, the ethnic composition of the Executive Council was as follows: Chief Robert Henry Clarence, Charles Patterson, twelve other Creoles, three Rama and a white North American (Olien 1988a: 20). The evidence presented here demonstrates that the representation and political participation of the Mosquito Indians in the Reservation was minimal at best, although the Treaty of Managua had made them subjects of the Reservation’s autonomy rights.

These British men were also allowed to continue using their slaves on the plantations and woodcutting camps (Dawson 1986: 43; Potthast 1988: 321). However, after Hodgson and his family had been ousted from Bluefields by Miskitu Indians in 1790 and Black River had been destroyed in 1800, no slave owner of any prominence remained in the Mosquitia, and slavery lost much of its significance as a structuring element of regional society. It was only offshore, on Corn Island, that slavery continued to play a major role until it was finally abolished in 1841 (Roberts 1827: 108; Dunham 1850: 76).

It was based on linguistic similarities and did not pay attention to the actual social organization of the indigenous groups based on locality and (fictive) kinship. This began to change when the Moravian mission that fostered linguistic unification made Miskitu a written language, providing a means of communication and organizational structures that linked the Miskitu residence groups. 1 This was also the case during conflicts with the Sandinista government after the overthrow of the Somoza dictatorship in 1979.

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