By Yvonne Yazbeck Haddad
At the present time, Muslims are the second one biggest spiritual crew in a lot of Europe and North the United States. The essays during this assortment glance either on the impression of the starting to be Muslim inhabitants on Western societies, and the way Muslims are adapting to existence within the West. half I seems to be on the Muslim diaspora in Europe, comprising essays on Britain, France, Germany, Switzerland, Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Italy, and the Netherlands. half II turns to the Western Hemisphere and Muslims within the U.S. , Canada, and Mexico. all through, the authors cope with such questions as: Can Muslims maintain their religion and id and even as settle for and serve as in the secular and pluralistic traditions of Europe and the United States? What are the boundaries of Western pluralism? Will Muslims emerge as absolutely approved as fellow voters with equivalent rights? a superb advisor to the altering panorama of Islam, this quantity is an integral creation to the reviews of Muslims within the West, and the various responses in their followed nations.
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Additional info for Muslims in the West: From Sojourners to Citizens
There is pressing need, it said, for laws concerning (a) vilification of religious beliefs and practices, as well as group defamation, (b) incitement to religious hatred, and (c) discrimination on religious grounds. Such legal frameworks would likely do much to protect Muslims from certain emergent forms of “anti-Islamic racism,” although their effect on local, everyday spheres of social, economic, and political life would probably be minimal. ” In 1994, the CRE, in an attempt to collect evidence of cases of religious discrimination, conducted a survey of 2,047 agencies such as Race Equality Councils, Law Centers, Citizens’ Advice Bureaus, and individuals such as lawyers and academics.
Clear generational differences are emerging in America, too. Leonard observes that, as young Muslims grow up fluent in English from birth, not knowing another culture firsthand, and probably learning a more “orthodox” or standard Islam than one particularized by one society or another, they are becoming more interested in stressing similarities over differences. They are also creating a range of new ways in which to pass the Islamic message along to others, such as rap music, Sufi dancing and singing, and even a kind of Islamic American English.
Response to the survey was low, and the CRE received specific information on only thirty-eight cases of alleged religious discrimination. ”25 These issues have remained on the agenda of many concerned public bodies. Under the auspices of the Department of the Environment, Transport and Regions, in 1996 Islamophobia and Muslim Recognition in Britain 27 the Inner Cities’ Religious Council published a statement, “Challenging Religious Discrimination: A Guide for Faith Communities and Their Advisors,” which points to a number of policy areas surrounding religious discrimination and underlines relevant aspects of race relations legislation.