Muslim Identity and the Balkan State by Suha Taji-Farouki, Hugh Poulton

By Suha Taji-Farouki, Hugh Poulton

This paintings specializes in the present state of affairs of Balkan Muslims, their courting with the nation, and the hyperlinks among their ethnic and spiritual identities.

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No. I, 1971. pp. 69-79; M. Beytullov. 'Kulturniyat vuzkhod na bulgarskite turtsi pri uslovlyata na sotsializma', IzvestiYll till illstitlltll po istoriYll 1111 BKP, 40, 1979. pp. 197-228; C. Monov, 'Prosvetnoto delo sred bUlgarite s mohamedanska vyara v Rodopsb kray prez godinite na narodnata vlast'. Rociol'ski sbomik. no. 3, 1972. pp. 9-48. From Rel~~iolls Identity to Ethllic Mobilisation 65 - was revived, subject to strict ideolot,>1cal censorship. 35 The other side of the coin was a concerted effort to underm111e the religious affilitation of the Turkish and Muslim population, and to transform the traditional elements in their daily cultural life and their Islamic customs.

3o Government policy did not become entirely hostile to the minonty, but certain minority rights, which S111ce the 1880s had been undisputed, began to disappear after the authoritarian coup d'etat in 1934. The number of Turkish newspapers decreased substiantially, due partly to state support for the anti-Kemalist Medeniyet journal. Turkish schools were reduced by a proportion that could hardly be justified by emigration figures. Within only a few years there ceased to be any Turkish parliamentarians altogether, and local Turkish mayors were replaced under such pretexts as a lack of sufficient ability in the Bulgarian language.

204; Subject: ViSIt of Mr Pablo de Azcarate y Florez). There were very few petitions to the League of Nations concernmg the violation of mmonty nghts of 13ulgarian Turks and Muslims. and these were generally not well founded. Cf. Arc/lillc of Ilzc Lcagllc of Natiol/s. Geneva: R 1663 (Minoritcs Musulmans en 13ulgarie. 10 September 1921) and UN R 3936 (Minoritcs Musulmans en 13ulgarie. 31 May 1934). Indeed at the same time also the RCI/IIC des Etlldes Islamiqllcs. typIcally sensitive to religious discrimll1ation against Muslims.

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